Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 60, Bordeaux 2017 Vintage, Are Bordeaux Futures Still Relevant? August 8, 2018.

Every year in April the world’s leading wine critics, tasters and buyers gather in Bordeaux and taste barrel samples of the previous year’s harvest, now safely at rest in barrels for the next 18 – 24 months. The wine world waits with baited breath for critics to release their preliminary ratings, and those tasting scores set the stage for opening prices to be established for the upcoming “En Primeur” or “Futures” offerings by the leading Négotiants or wine distributors, once the Chateaux have set their prices and allotments to their various distributors have been made.

Readers of my previous blogs will recall that I wrote all about the 2015 vintage in post # 22 June 14th, 2016, and again in post # 23 June 29th, 2016. I wrote about the 2016 vintage in post # 44 April 17th, 2017, again in post # 46 May 13th, 2017, and once more in post # 47 June 19th, 2017. The central themes throughout those five posts was great vintages, huge harvests, and crazy out of control price increases. And now for something completely different, here comes 2017, not the same at all.

The year started with a killer frost in the last week of April 2017, when for 3 straight days temperatures were below freezing, effectively killing budding grape vines on the right bank of the Gironde River. Most, in fact almost all of the famous Bordeaux chateaux escaped any damage at all. The worst affected properties were those producing table wines and situated on low lying ground, but the net effect was to reduce the overall size of the harvest by roughly 40%, a huge sudden decrease at the lower and middle quality levels of the Bordeaux wine market. Some producers lost just their 2017 harvest, some lost several hectares of vines and need to replant.

Many critics will be rating 2017 as a great year for Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and not so great for Merlot. The Merlot grapes were ready for harvest in September, when there was plenty of rain, so the Merlot grapes may be a little watery and flavors not as robust as they should be. The Cabernet Sauvignon was harvested in October under perfect weather conditions, so this again tends to favor left bank producers rather than right bank producers.

The Bordeaux wine pipeline also happens to be full, with two great and large vintages in 2015 and 2016 yet to be released. Let us not forget that prices also maxed out over those two years by a total increase of about 50% for the best wines over that 2 year period, and those prices will only start to register with the retail wine purchaser later this year when the 2015’s start hitting retail shelves. So we can expect many wine consumers will be looking elsewhere to California, Australia, Italy, Spain, Chile and Argentina for cheaper alternatives, and they will most certainly find plenty of those cheaper alternatives. Logically that means that Bordeaux prices should be coming down, and in particular the 2017 vintage should be priced cheaper than 2016. So let`s take a look at what is really happening in the world of Bordeaux 2017 “En Primeur” or “Futures” offerings.

Sales of 2017 Bordeaux Futures are down 60% from last year’s sales of the 2016 vintage. Why so much you might ask, was 2017 such a bad year? Well 2017 was not as good a year as 2015 and 2016, and many critics describe the 2017 vintage as being on par with 2014 and 2012, both respectable years but not great years. However there is also a broader trend at play in the market, away from Bordeaux, and both Burgundy and Champagne have gained some of that market share from Bordeaux.

Price has a lot to do with the consumer’s decision to buy Bordeaux Futures. On average, 2017 Futures are being offered at prices about 12% less than 2016. Now while that may sound attractive, you need to remember that the 2015 vintage was priced 30% higher than the 2014 vintage, and the 2016 vintage was priced another 20% higher than the 2015 vintage. So many consumers looking at buying 2017 Futures are looking at a wine quality on par with the 2014 vintage, but priced over 35% higher than the 2014. So it should come as no surprise that 6 out of 10 are passing on 2017 Futures.

However, there is much more to the story than just the price/quality disconnect. The story of 2017 to the average consumer is one of confusion. The weather was sketchy, and between the killer frost in April, and the September rains that may have diluted the Merlot grapes, the consumer knows there were at least two weather events that could seriously impact wine quality. Most people do not pay attention to detail, they just think that the vintage may be inferior.

There is also confusion within the ranks of the wine critics themselves. There is no more Robert Parker to lead the buyer’s market. In his place the heir apparent was Neal Martin, but half way through the 2017 Bordeaux campaign, Neal jumped ship from The Wine Advocate and joined Antonio Galloni at Vinous. So Neal’s initial barrel sample notes were published by The Wine Advocate, and his final barrel  tasting notes were published by Vinous. Lisa Perotti-Brown took over at The Wine Advocate and she published her own 2017 Bordeaux report. In the meantime, Antonio Galloni at Vinous published his own 2017 Bordeaux report, which did not agree in content with Neal Martin’s report as to the top wines. When you also throw in James Suckling and James Molesworth (from the Wine Spectator) you now have 5 major wine critics all over the map as to which are the top wines. The end result? What else, the consumer is confused!

So what you might think, no big deal, just pick your favorite wine critic (who’s tastes most closely reflect your own) and just buy what he or she rates as their top wines. Not so fast, if you are buying your Futures as an investment, your resale value might be seriously hurt if you buy based on the wrong critic’s recommendations. More confusion. Furthermore, if you buy at the wrong price, it could take up to 10 years or longer for resale value to catch up to the inflated price you paid for your Futures, so forget about Bordeaux Futures as a good investment this year. Does this sound like the right time to be shelling out $1,000.00 per bottle for 750 ml of a wine you will not get delivery of for the next 2 years?

And there is yet another obstacle for you, the 2017 Bordeaux Futures consumer, to overcome, and that is a choked off limited supply of the top wines. How can that be you might ask, with demand down 60% there must be plenty of the top wines available, right? Nope, sorry, the top chateaux have all been cutting back on what quantity of wine they allocate to the Futures market. For decades the standard procedure was for the chateau to allocate 90% of their production to the Futures market. This meant that the first Futures offering was always the best time to buy, when the best selection was available. Not so any more!

Latour does not offer Futures at all since 2012.

Mouton Rothschild, Lafite Rothschild, and Margaux have all been cutting back.

In 2016 Haut Brion released 20% less.

Palmer has reduced their Futures offering by 50% since 2010.

Pavie and Pontet Canet have both cut back by 40%.

In addition to the cutbacks by those seven properties, let us not forget how small the production is to begin with by chateaux such as Le Pin (500 cases),

Lafleur (1,000),

Eglise Clinet (2,000),

Ausone (2,000),

Belaire Monage (2,000),

Beausejour Duffau (2,000),

 Petrus (2,500),

and several others. Your chances of getting any of the two or three case allotments of these wines made to the SAQ in Quebec, the LCBO in Ontario, or your local wine retailer in New York, Washington or Los Angeles are just about nil, unless you have great connections. So many of the best names and the best wines are already nearly impossible to get either because there is inadequate supply, prices that are ridiculously high, or the chateau is cutting back on distribution, in effect hoarding their wine to release later at higher prices.

Chateau Pontet-Canet is one of the largest properties in Bordeaux owning about 300 acres of land in Pauillac, with 200 acres planted, and produces about 40,000 cases of wine annually. 20,000 cases of the Grand Vin are made, and another 20,000 cases of their second wine, Les Hauts de Pontet are made.

So if 40% of the Grand Vin is now being held back for later release (8,000 cases), then only 12,000 cases will be offered as “Futures”, and you can be sure that this will drive prices higher. It will not be long before Chateau Pontet-Canet will end up priced as a “Super Second” in the $300 – $500 per bottle range, so buy it now. You can buy the 2017 Chateau Pontet-Canet “Future” in the US at about $110.00 US, or in Canada at about $197.00 CDN, per bottle. The Wine Advocate rates the wine at 96-98 points, and James Suckling rates it at 96-97 points. It seems not so long ago in 1985 that I was buying the 1982 Chateau Pontet-Canet at $9.00 US per bottle retail in New York State.

Bordeaux producers need to remember that, from the consumer’s point of view, the whole point to buying Bordeaux “Futures” was to lock up your purchase early to secure a 30% discount to what the wine would retail at once it hit store shelves two years later. This was not without risk, because you had to commit to buying the wine and pay for it before it was even bottled. The “Futures” program also worked well for the producer, since he had 90% of his production pre sold and in the bank two years before releasing it. So both the producer and the distributor had your money long before you got your wine. Now today if less and less of that production is pre sold, we will end up paying more and more for the same wine, which is contrary to the original intent of the whole “Futures” program.

So if you look objectively at what is actually going on, the small estates do not generate enough production to supply demand, and anything they commit to the “Futures” market is gone instantly. This includes most of Pomerol, the St. Emilion “garage wines” and all other small producers. First growths and Super Seconds are all cutting back by up to 50% the amount of production of their “Grand Vin” that they commit to the “Futures” program. Top producers as well as all other classified growth producers in Pauillac, St. Julien, Margaux, St. Estephe, and Pessac-Leognan all have their own second wines like Les Carruades de Lafite or Pavillon Rouge de Margaux, reducing further what is bottled as the “Grand Vin”.

I think that a very clear trend is emerging that consumers need to voice their objection to, and that is the danger that all classified growth chateaux will eventually have no more than a token amount, say 5,000 cases each, committed to the “En Primeur” or “Futures” program. I also think they will eventually put in place a tied selling program, where in order to get a case of the “Grand Vin” you must also buy a case of the chateau’s second and third wines. The Grand Vin will continue to escalate in price, beyond the reach of most consumers, to the point of becoming a luxury affordable only by the elite 1%, and this will be a pity.

This leads me to my last thought, which occurred to me when I read an article published May 14, 2018 and written by Devon Pendleton about how Chateau Margaux is now worth over $1 billion US:

Bought in 1977 for approx. $16 million, and today worth over $1 billion, phenomenal growth.

We are making vineyard owners and winemakers wealthy beyond their wildest dreams, because we the consumer continue to accept ridiculous price increases. In 1985 you could buy the famed 1982 vintage of Chateau Margaux for $40.00 US per bottle in New York City wine shops, and cheaper at under $30.00 US if you had bought it as a “Future”. Today I can buy the 2017 Chateau Margaux as a “Future” from the SAQ in Quebec at $945.00 CDN per bottle, or $500.00 US ($655.00 CDN) at Zachys in Scarsdale NY.

So looking at the question behind this blog in the first place, “Are Bordeaux Futures Still Relevant?”, in my opinion the answer is “Yes, but only if properly priced and available in sufficient quantity”. Producers are cutting back the quantity to get a higher price on later releases, and consumers are balking with 60% saying no to the 2017 “Futures” because the prices are still too high. So there is an interesting “tug of war” battle going on right now between producers and consumers. What ever happened to that old truism “the customer is always right”? Let’s hope the consumer wins this battle before too many more Bordeaux chateau owners become billionaires.

It is a strange feeling that you get when luxury items escalate in price so much and so fast that you can no longer afford to buy them. It is also depressing to see so many wine producers becoming so wealthy in the process. I should have been a grape farmer!





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 59, You Can’t Take It With You, April 6, 2018.

As far as I know, when you pass away your wine collection does not die with you. It also does not get buried with you, in fact it survives you. However, unlike jewelry or fine art, fine wine does have its own limited life span, and as its owner it is up to you to decide what to do with your wine rather than let someone else decide for you. Do you have a plan for your wine? Most people do not, and if you are an aging baby boomer now in your late 60’s or early 70’s, you need to start working on your wine collection escape plan!

Wine collectors are strange people, and they do strange things. Let’s all agree on one thing, if you are over 75 and you still have a wine cellar containing 1,000 bottles or more, then you have a few screws loose, are probably short a few marbles, and may be living in denial. If you are also still buying expensive first growth Bordeaux wines that need 20 years aging before they are suitable to drink, then you will probably have lots of people wanting you to adopt them, and add them into your will. Stop buying long term wines, drink up the cellar, and by all means think through an exit strategy while you still can.

Let me paint you a picture, you just celebrated your 70th birthday, you feel good for your age, you are retired now, living the good life, but you are beginning to slow down, you forget things from time to time, and you have no intention of taking up lawn bowling, shuffleboard, or bingo just yet.


PHOTO PROVIDED BY MD SENIOR OLYMPICS MD Senior Olympics Lawn Bowling competition at Leisure World on Sept 9 (points are awarded on how close the bowling balls come to the yellow ball)

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The kids are finally out of the house, you want to downsize by selling the house and moving into a condo, but you have 800 bottles of wine in the cellar and no idea how to deal with it. You do some quick math and figure that most of your wine is nicely aged Bordeaux, Burgundy, and California Cabs. The combined value at today’s market price is about $300 per bottle or $240,000. So you figured it would take 6 months to sell the house, and within that time you want to reduce your cellar to no more than 400 bottles. You quickly but reluctantly came to the conclusion that you cannot drink 400 bottles in 180 days, and in all good conscience you could not justify drinking $120,000 of wine at a rate of $4,200 per week. And besides, you did run this plan by your wife and she threatened to have you committed to the looney bin right now, 5 years ahead of time. So what next, eureka you need a plan, don’t you?

You now start giving the matter some serious thought, in fact you decide to be proactive and open up a really good bottle of wine to drink all by yourself while your wife is out late babysitting the grandchildren. As you sip on that wonderful bottle of 1982 Chateau Pichon Lalande, you wonder if you should save her a glass or drink it all yourself. You finally make a bold decision to drink it all yourself, in fact you were really being a coward because you knew she would give you hell for opening such an expensive bottle just for yourself. Yes that is the problem, you are not good enough to be wasting all this good wine on. Not only do you need a plan, but you need one your wife will approve, ouch!

So here are some suggestions:

  • Stop buying so much wine,
  • Make sure that any new wine you buy is for short term consumption or short term cellaring,
  • Make sure that your cellar count goes down every year and not up,
  • Estimate the number of years of remaining life you and your wife will have, and, subject to a reasonable consumption rate, determine how many bottles of fine wine (not for everyday consumption) that you need to consume per year,
  • Decide with your spouse what happens to any surplus wine, will you distribute it to the kids, brothers or sisters, and decide when it should be time to gift that,
  • Anything else that you either cannot drink, and do not want to gift to the family should be auctioned off, this should include wines that have gone up so much in value that you are not comfortable drinking them, and older wines that you just want to be rid of.
  • Consider assigning 40-50 bottles to the wake or celebration of your life after your funeral, it will be the most memorable funeral your friends and family have ever attended, and something they will always remember about you.

Now let’s discuss the above points in a little more detail. Stop buying any more wine for long term cellaring. I know it is hard for the collector in you to let go, but you must. You need to apply the same enthusiasm you used to fill your wine cellar in the first place, in reverse, in order to progressively empty it. If you have a hard time letting go, see a therapist, seek treatment, worst case scenario consider hosting wine tastings for your friends monthly in the cellar. Call it “The Old Buzzards Therapy Group”. My guess is that after 6 months of that, one of two things will happen: either your wife will shut it down, or you will have been successful at demolishing at least 30 bottles of fine wine and the thought of all that money being poured down your friends’ throats will break the spell and bring you back to reality.

You are crazy if you buy at 75 years of age any wine that requires any more than 5 years of aging before reaching a peak of maturity. That means no more tannic vintages, no more wines that close up for 20 years until they reach full maturity. You want full bodied, fruit bombs that are fabulous to drink RIGHT NOW, because right now is all you can count on.

If you have 800 bottles in the cellar on your 70th birthday and you want to use it all up within 20 years, simple math dictates your cellar count must reduce by 40 bottles per year. So on your 71st birthday if you have more than 760 bottles in the cellar then you need to open the excess to celebrate your birthday, it’s that simple, and you have to discipline yourself accordingly.


Barcelona Girona Wine & Food Lifestyle Street Photography

Estimating the number of years you and your spouse have remaining in your lives in order to calculate how many bottles of fine wine to consume per year is a tricky thing to do, and a tricky subject to discuss with your spouse. This is also not a straight line calculation because so much depends on your fading health. Almost everything can upset your consumption schedule, high blood pressure, gout, diabetes, antibiotics and other prescription drugs, etc. So your plan needs to be flexible. Remember that in the previous paragraph if you need to reduce by 40 bottles per year that is at least one fine wine three weeks out of four, and if health issues are going to slow you down, then you need to drink more than 40 in the first few years to get ahead of schedule.

Now to the toughest reality you will have to face, who gets your wine? What a dilemma, yes you may be best to just let your spouse decide after you are gone, but I bet you will roll over in your grave at the thought of her uncorking several bottles of your best wine for her book club.

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Gifting some to the kids is always an option, just don’t expect them to all become wine connoisseurs, to have wine cellars or coolers, or to fully appreciate those rare gems you have bestowed upon them. And what about your brothers, sisters, or god forbid, the in-laws? You cringe in pain at the thought of brother Fred getting your bottle of 1989 Chateau Haut Brion rated 100 points by every wine critic on the planet when all he knows is cheap white wine from a box.

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So consider auctioning off the best wines that are worth too much to justify opening without your knowledgeable presence. That bottle of Domaine Leroy Richebourg 2009 worth $8,200 or your bottle of Chateau Lafite 1982 worth $5,200 are just too expensive to allow them to be devoured by your wife’s book club,or by brother Bob’s bingo buddies. Any serious collector knows exactly what I am talking about here, you would have at least a dozen of your favorites that fall into this category.

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Auction it, and convert that $60,000 worth of wine into about $45,000 in cash, and either deposit it to your wife’s account (this will get her off your case and get you some peace of mind as you drink your way through the rest of your cellar), or gift it to the grandkid’s education fund.

Now let’s discuss my best suggestion, having one blowout of a wake to celebrate your life after your passing with 40 -50 bottles of your best remaining wines. Make sure nobody advertises the plan, that way you can be sure that only family and real friends are at the wake. You can be sure that everyone there will remember your wake for the rest of their lives, and that will help keep them smiling whenever they think of you, and that is one hell of a way to be remembered.

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For those of you who are philanthropists, or have a large estate in need of tax deductions, the estate can always hire an auctioneer to conduct a charity auction where the auction proceeds are donated to the charity of your choice, and your estate will benefit from the charitable donation tax deductions. Another great way to be remembered, and for your wine collection to do some good for the charity of your choice.

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So it is time to give it some thought, since after all, you cannot take it with you, so you may as well get the best bang for that wine buck, or drink it all up. Oh, is that your son-in-law asking all those questions about your health, how nice of him to suddenly become so concerned, or …..




Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 58, How Much Wine is Good for You, March 16, 2018.

In my previous blog Post # 57, published March 1st, I talked about warning labels on alcohol. Specifically I talked about how the Yukon Liquor Corporation embarked on a warning label program last November and promptly suspended it one month later. You may recall they were using two warning labels, one saying “Alcohol can cause breast, colon, and other cancers”, and the other saying “To reduce health risks, drink no more than 2 (for a woman) or 3 (for a man) standard drinks a day. Plan two or more non-drinking days each week”. So you cannot be blamed for wondering if wine or alcohol is good for you at all, and if so in how much quantity, and why it is good for you. Let’s take a look at some of the latest thinking on this subject.

A recently published article (February 2, 2018) written by Iben Lundgaard et al, entitled ”Beneficial effects of low alcohol exposure, but adverse effects of high alcohol intake on glymphatic function” was published in Scientific Reports under Read the full article by accessing the following link:

However, unless you are a scientist, you will find the technical aspects of this published research a little intimidating. In simple layman’s terms, researchers tested the effects of low and medium levels of alcohol on mice to assess the impact on the performance of their glymphatic systems. So what is a glymphatic system you might ask? Glymphatic function is a brain-wide metabolite clearance system connected to the peripheral lymphatic system.

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Your glymphatic system allows your brain to protect itself from the buildup of various toxins in the brain, flushing them out through your blood stream for disposal via your liver.

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This is how the brain cleans house or purges itself, thereby disposing of dead brain cells, stress related proteins and chemicals, etc. The glymphatic system is more active during sleep.

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Mice were administered both low levels of alcohol (equivalent to 2-3 drinks for an adult human), and higher levels of alcohol (equivalent to 7-8 drinks for an adult human), after which brain activity was closely monitored during the ensuing sleep period. Results indicated that low levels of alcohol (equivalent to 2-3 drinks for an adult human) activated the glymphatic system in mice better than higher levels of alcohol, and more importantly, better than no alcohol at all.

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Another recent article written by Michael Schwarzinger et al and published February 20, 2018 in the Lancet Public Health, was entitled “Contribution of alcohol use disorders to the burden of dementia in France 2008-13: a national retrospective cohort study” and focused on the very strong correlation between alcohol use disorders and early onset dementia. Read the full article by accessing the link below:

The study reviewed adult hospital discharges in France from 2008 to 2013, numbering roughly 31.6 million people, and found that 1.1 million or roughly 3.5% of those hospital discharges were suffering from dementia. Within that 1.1 million group suffering from dementia, 57,350 or roughly 5.2% suffered from early onset dementia (below age 65). Of those 57,350 people suffering from early onset dementia, 32,460 or roughly 56.6% also suffered from alcohol use disorders. So the study suggests that there is a fairly high correlation between alcohol abuse and early onset dementia.

If you look into Alzheimer’s disease you quickly learn that the disease stems from amyloid plaques that build up in the brain, and these sticky plaques eventually start killing off healthy brain cells.

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Amyloid plaques are basically protein debris left in the brain and not properly flushed out by the glymphatic system.

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If you google Alzheimer’s disease and amyloid plaques you will stumble across a summary of “How to Prevent Alzheimer’s disease”, and the answer may now seem to make more sense than ever:

How to Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease:

  • Exercise
  • Eat a Mediterranean diet
  • Get enough sleep
  • Learn new things
  • Connect socially
  • Drink responsibly

Exercise is necessary to keep the body functional and in prime operating condition, to keep the heart pumping, the blood flowing, and the circulation capable of removing and flushing toxins from the brain and body. Eating a Mediterranean diet means fueling your body with the right fuel to allow it access to all the right minerals, vitamins and nutrients it needs to operate at peak performance for the foreseeable future.

Learning new things and connecting socially means engaging the brain, along the lines of “use it or lose it”, and this results in more use of and exercise of existing brain cells. Getting enough sleep now means that you will be giving your glymphatic system the time it needs to properly flush the toxins and debris (dead cells and proteins) from your brain. Drinking responsibly means that you will have sufficient alcohol in your system to relax, unwind, destress, as well as being able to stimulate your glymphatic system so that it operates more effectively when you next sleep.

I find it fascinating how ongoing medical research is just now beginning to understand the interconnectivity between diet, exercise, sleep, learning, social interaction, and alcohol, and it’s combined importance to the survival and thriving of mankind and the human body. I also am intrigued by the presence of alcohol in that health equation.

Alcohol use would appear to perform some important and useful roles in the human health equation. Red wine has been made and consumed for thousands of years, and is an important and rich source of polyphenols like resveratrol that are good for your microbiome. Taken responsibly, wine and alcohol will also help you relax, unwind and destress after a difficult day, and may even help you in connecting socially. Now we know that alcohol taken in the right quantity will also stimulate and activate your glymphatic system to maintain and improve brain health. This may become even more important if you happen to be one of those many people who do not get enough sleep, since your glymphatic system is primarily active when you sleep.

The remaining question is finding that “goldilocks zone” of maximum benefit and minimum damage to your health, in other words: How Much Wine is Good for You? The Lundgaard article discussed above suggests 2-3 drinks per day is the sweet spot, and it is no coincidence that this is why the Yukon Liquor Corporation and many other countries have adopted that guideline as the standard safe consumption limit. However, keep in mind that a general guideline is an average based on a population as a whole. Your safe limit will not be the same as mine because we are different people with different metabolisms, different health, lifestyles, diet, living and working conditions. If I am fit, eat properly, get lots of sleep, and am socially engaged, my safe alcohol consumption limit should be higher than yours, especially if you are overweight, eat all the wrong foods, are highly stressed in your working career, never get enough sleep and rarely have the time to be socially active.

So the message to me is quite clear, and you do not need years of research studies to prove this any further. Either you reduce your alcohol consumption to the recommended safe consumption level of 2-3 drinks per day, or get up off the couch, exercise, eat properly, get more sleep, get more socially active, and find activities that will stimulate your brain. This way you might be able to raise your own personal safe consumption limit to 4-5 drinks per day (but not every day).

Couch potatoes take note:

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your sedentary lifestyle reduces the amount of alcohol you can safely consume. If that is not a good enough incentive to change, then I don’t know what to do with you!





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 57, Warning Labels on Alcohol, March 1, 2018

In November 2017 the Yukon Liquor Corporation (the Yukon being a territory of Canada) began slapping warning labels on wines and spirits in their Whitehorse liquor stores. One warning label stated that “Alcohol can cause breast, colon, and other cancers”, while another says “To reduce health risks, drink no more than 2 (for a woman) or 3 (for a man) standard drinks a day. Plan two or more non-drinking days each week”. This caused quite a predictable negative reaction from alcohol producer groups such as The Beer Canada Trade Group, the Canadian Vintners Association, and Spirits Canada. Within a month the labels were gone and the experiment was put on hold, back to the drawing board for further study.

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When I looked further into the news reports on this event I learned that this program was federally financed by our tax dollars, and led by the director of the University of Victoria’s Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (not substance abuse, but rather substance use), and a scientist from Public Health Ontario. The scientist admitted she had four years of her time invested in this project. What baffles me the most is the scary thought that an academic and a scientist hatched this plan over a four year period, spending taxpayer’s money, and embarked on a labeling program without consulting either producers or end users sufficiently (some local consultation was done).

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There are clearly some major flaws in the pilot project. Let’s take a look at some of them:

  • Alcohol itself does not cause cancer. Alcohol abuse by individuals over prolonged periods of time may contribute to cancer, but is more than likely not the only causal agent at work. Typically diet and stress also play major roles.
  • Different people have different metabolisms and varying tolerance levels to a wide range of ingested substances ranging from alcohol, tobacco, opioids, etc. to food, non-alcoholic drinks, sunlight, air pollution, etc. So what your metabolism is perfectly capable of handling without any apparent effect may in fact be highly toxic to someone else.
  • To suggest that anything more than 2 drinks per day for women and 3 drinks per day for men is putting your health at risk, is to imply that if you exceed those limits then you are being reckless and irresponsible. This also would put you into the category of “binge drinker”. This means that the last dinner party my wife and I attended consisted of 8 binge drinkers, because everyone in attendance consumed more than either 2 or 3 drinks over the course of the evening. That also means that just about every family dinner at my place celebrating Christmas, Easter, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, birthdays and anniversaries is just an excuse for binge drinking! Ouch, Houston I think we have a problem here. Don’t you just hate it when social and health standards are being set by academics and scientists, not only do they seem unrealistic, but there is no creativity to be found in the delivery of their message.
  • These guidelines want you to “plan two non-drinking days each week”. No mention as to whether these should be consecutive days, and why only two? Seems to me that it would be more sensible to plan as many as possible, but the language on the label should read “two or more” days per week, don’t you think?

So I did some further research, figuring that other jurisdictions must have already dealt with or taken a policy position on warning labels on alcohol bottles. The findings were quite interesting:

  • Only 37 of 195 countries in the world have warning labels on alcohol bottles, and that is less than 20%.
  • The majority of those 37 countries warn that alcohol may be harmful to your health, and is not to be consumed by minors or pregnant women.
  • None of those 37 countries state on warning labels that alcohol can cause cancer, much less breast and colon cancer. Some do mention that excessive alcohol consumption may cause cirrhosis of the liver, which itself is not a cancer.
  • None of those 37 countries are warning/suggesting on labels that consumers limit their alcohol intake to no more than 2 (for a woman) or 3 (for a man) standard drinks per day, and nobody is recommending that you plan two non-drinking days per week. So our Canadian scientist/academic team are in fact leading the international community in a worldwide first.

Some of the more humorous warning labels to be found include the following:

In Mauritius:

“Excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks causes serious health, social and domestic problems”

In South Africa:

“Alcohol increases your risk to personal injury”

“Alcohol is a major cause of violence and crime”

“Don’t drink and walk on the road, you may be killed”

In Turkey:

“Alcohol is not your friend”

In Thailand:

“Liquor drinking may cause cirrhosis and sexual impotency”

“Liquor drinking may cause less consciousness and death”

“Liquor drinking is dangerous to health and causes less consciousness”

“Liquor drinking is harmful to you and destroys your family”

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I also looked further in other provinces of Canada specifically to find out if anyone else was doing something different, and I stumbled across Quebec’s “Éduc’alcool” (which translates to mean alcohol education) program. Quebec runs ongoing media advertising, including a TV commercial, where two animated bears (husband and wife) emerge from a brain fog (or hibernation) and start touting the benefits of responsible drinking, with the two (for her) and three (for him) drink limits, including enhanced performance in the bedroom. Well that message hit home, sober sex is better sex, and more alcohol free days leads to more sex, now that makes sense I thought, this kind of advertising just may get the public’s attention, certainly the men.

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As I browsed through their website, I came upon their official policy position on warning labels on alcohol bottles where they have raised several good points such as:

  • Warning labels cause stress and anxiety, and may cause a moral panic in society.
  • Warning labels are not effective in changing behaviors or reducing the amount that people drink.
  • Warning labels are completely ineffective in reaching the heaviest drinkers, i.e. the primary target group.
  • Warning labels give regulators a false sense of security in thinking that they actually did something about the issue.
  • Warning labels are more beneficial to alcohol producers as a disclaimer to protect themselves against litigation.

We live in a modern society that is full of negative advertising, negative news, and negative messages of doom and gloom. It often seems that everything you do, think, eat, or drink, is harmful to you and those around you, so it is no wonder that warning labels on alcohol will not change human behavior because people have been conditioned to turn off or filter out negative messages. People drink for all kinds of reasons – to party, relax, unwind, destress, escape, forget, fall asleep, dull the pain, so with such a variety of incentives the only way regulators can compete for your attention is through positive incentives and messages. That is why I think that Éduc’alcool is bang on with such a positive and attention getting advertising message, implying that less intoxication leads to more and better sex. That may be hitting below the belt (ha,ha!), but their program is guaranteed to catch most men’s attention.

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I think it is time for some positive labeling on alcohol bottles rather than negative warning labels, so I am all in favour of labels such as:

  • “Sober sex is better sex”
  • “Less alcohol leads to more sex”
  • “Need to relax, unwind, destress? Get a massage!”

Anyways, let us hope that the funding for the Canadian academic/scientist team dries up, and that we put an end to warning labels and scare tactics as a way of trying to modify or change human behavior. Positive reinforcement is far more effective, good job Éduc’alcool!



Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 56, Christmas Dinner Wine Etiquette for the Host– February 6, 2018.

Ah, Christmas Dinner, a family tradition, what a marvelous time. In this blog post I offer some advice to those of you hosting a large dinner of 20+ people, based on my over 30 years of hosting that magical family event. Magical though it may be, as host and cellar master, in this blog I offer you some basic advice on how to survive the event relatively unscathed. Before we get started, let me preface my remarks with a basic disclaimer: the events outlined below represent a collective wisdom, and have not necessarily all transpired in our household. So is this fact or fiction? Maybe a little of both.

  • Protect the Cellar – As host of the Christmas Dinner for a large family with several adult children of legal drinking age in attendance, your number one priority will be to protect the wine cellar from plunder and pillage. Under no circumstances should you allow anyone other than yourself to have access to the cellar. If you do not have an alarm system and/or lock on your cellar door, then get one installed.
  • Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-8Avoid offering cellar tours, especially after the first couple of glasses of wine have been consumed – nothing good comes from those tours, and if you are unlucky you could get a broken bottle,
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  • or a family member goading you into serving up a bottle of the best. Bad mistake, because one bottle leads to another 2-3, which you cannot control without embarrassing someone, so avoid serving up the best, and make sure what you serve is pre planned, out of the cellar decanting, or in the fridge chilling.
  • Guess who is coming to dinner – the next order of business will be establishing how many will be attending, let the circus begin! This number is never precise, and will usually not be known, even at the last minute. There are several issues that create the confusion, such as:
  1. Bad weather – let it snow, and snow, and snow some more.
  2. Relatives who do not speak to each other – if Uncle Bob is coming I’m not, he is so embarrassing when he parties, but if he is not coming I’m bringing my boyfriend and my best girlfriend. Okay then, Bob it is!
  3. Bringing friends to a large family dinner is always testy – half the time they are no-shows because they got a better offer, or their own loved ones with whom they were fighting, caved in after all and invited them at the last minute.
  4. No dogs please – believe it not, everyone wants to bring their dog. The usual excuse is that the dog cannot stay alone at home longer than 6 – 8 hours. Well isn’t that just perfect, tell them you will be sure to have them on their way in 6 hours or less. Even then, half the time they cancel at the last minute because they feel sorry for the dog, or they do something stupid like bring the dog anyways – big mistake. Try keeping their dog in your garage for 5 hours, it never works.
  5. Flu and cold season – to stay at home or to haul your sorry carcass to dinner and infect everyone, your choice but everyone else wishes it was not. If it were up to them they would have someone drop off a doggy bag of leftovers at your front door. Do not expect advance notice of this cancellation, you may only get the apology call the next day.

So what you say, well are we serving dinner for 15 or 25, it kind of makes a difference. For starters you need a bigger turkey, a bigger or a second dining room table, and more chairs. And then what about the wine?

  • Dinner table logistics – most homes are not equipped for dinner tables that seat 20+ people. So squeezing in a 2nd table plus another dozen chairs becomes a bit of a joke, especially if you set up for 20 and only 15 show, but even worse if you set up for 20 and 25 show. Finding chairs is even more of a joke as every seating device in the house gets pressed into service, ranging from bar stools, footstools, folding chairs, dusty old travel trunks, and some relic you use in the workshop to get to the top storage shelves in the basement.
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  • Then you throw oversized tablecloths on the tables hoping to hide as much as possible. Now for the wineglasses, you will never have enough (glasses always break during the year), and they will not match, they will be of all shapes and sizes. Nothing like using a champagne flute for that red Bordeaux! Best of all logistics problems is what to do with the grandchildren, you know who I mean, those little ones 5 years or younger. Of course they want to be part of the family dinner too, so do you bring a high chair to the already overcrowded table, or just let them sit on their parent’s lap. Most end up on their parent’s lap, so here is what you need to do – make sure everyone within two seats of the kids wears a bib or splash guard, use a purple or red tablecloth (nothing stains worse than cranberry sauce on a white tablecloth), and make sure the parent holding the kid gets cheap wine in a plastic wineglass, because that glass is going to spill!
  • Wine logistics – as host be prepared to supply up to 75% of the wine, so you need to have pre dinner wines, both red and white, dinner wines, both red and white, and a dessert wine or port. At large family dinners such as this, it is customary for everyone to bring a bottle of wine or two, and that always leads to some ridiculous moments which you, the wine host, must manage very carefully, here are just a few:
  1. Guest brings bottle of plonk – if this is one of your kids, send them out or home to bring a better bottle, after all, if you have brought them up right, they should know better. If a guest then you must be more diplomatic, open the wine right away and serve them a glass immediately, a real rim rocker, and try to get rid of that bottle as quick as possible. This does not always work, often your guest will turn up their nose at the plonk they brought and ask you for something better, are we having fun yet?
  2. Family cheapskates bring one bottle for four people – this is really not as bad a problem as you might think. You know what to expect, because they are cheap every year, and you know that if they are coming they will drink their one bottle and 4 of your bottles. So your choice is obvious, always have 4 bottles of cheap house wine standing by, or this is your perfect opportunity to get rid of all the plonk your guests brought. As wine host this is your job to manage properly, so stay alert and get rid of that plonk.
  3. Wineglass shortage – if you have 20 or more for dinner everyone will have to stick with their own wineglass for the entire evening. This is a pain because there are always “snack slobs” who get the hors d’oeuvres smudged all over their fingers and their wine glass, so it needs to be washed. You also need to watch out for the “wine glass bandit”, the guy who puts his glass down somewhere, wanders off, then forgets where he left his wine, so he goes to the kitchen to get another. This guy is a real pain because he can make you short of 4-5 wine glasses before you know it, you have to find his abandoned glasses (check the bathroom, beside the sofa, the door to the wine cellar, etc.) and you have to wash them for your other guests, usually right away. This guy is a pest, he needs to be watched, and he wastes a lot of wine, so make sure he gets the plonk.
  4. Hoarding the good stuff – a good host will have an organized bar, and that can mean having a plan for the order in which you are serving the various wines brought to dinner. We have already established that the plonk goes first, then your cheap house wines, keep the good stuff for dinner. Now here is where some advance planning is necessary, you need to have an organized seating arrangement approved by your spouse (so he or she does not upset your plans for hoarding the best dinner wines). Try to get the younger crowd at one end of the table (or better still on a completely separate table, that worked well for us once or twice), and put the old timers together at your end of the table. Old timers generally bring better wines, they have been to a few rodeos before and know the routine. Make sure the kids have all the cheapest stuff, and that it is all parked on the table in front of them, lots of choice means they are less likely to look towards your end of the table to see what you are drinking. Meanwhile, at your end have no more than 2 bottles on the table, one white and one red, hold everything else out of sight. This plan will not work forever, eventually the kids catch on and then you are done.
  5. The pre drink, when does the host start up – as host this is your decision, subject of course to spousal approval. If you do most of the work (and managing the wine consumption can be a big job), then you should be entitled to a late morning or early afternoon tune up as you get ready to host the event. After all, you do not need to drive, and if you know your crowd and there will be no plonk to manage, and no wine glass bandit to supervise, no wine glass shortage and simple seating logistics, and no hoarding of the good stuff required, then go right ahead. Relax and enjoy the afternoon and take the edge off with a glass or two. However, be advised that this may backfire on you. You may get too relaxed, forget to lock that wine cellar door, be unaware as plonk gets by you unnoticed, and while you are washing dirty wine glasses casually left all over the house by a “wine glass bandit”, guided tours of your cellar are underway and a six pack of good stuff is being uncorked and decanted by a well intentioned, and not so close relative, who figures the host won’t mind. Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-9No worries though, this is your choice, so you make the call, just remember to get spousal approval.
  6. The Cleanup – not much chance of avoiding this one, this is your baby. Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-3My best recommendation is to recruit a couple of old timers to clean up the kitchen and dishes while you work on the dining room, getting rid of the extra table and chairs, etc. You recruit your old timers by telling them you have a special bottle of port to share with those who help with the cleanup. That always gets results, and you were going to give them a glass anyways. Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-2But now you have the added benefit of being able to hoard it between the 3 or 4 of you in the kitchen, which means more for you guys. While you clean out the dining room, you get to review what, if anything, is left of your best wines, and recork the excess for tomorrow. There will usually be 4-5 half empty bottles left on the kid’s table. With a plastic funnel pour them into the best bottle(s) of the bunch. These go back to the bar area for round 2 for the kids, and don’t worry about blending different bottles, the kids will not be able to tell the difference any more, and if they do and they don’t like it, then they will likely leave earlier, and that works too.
  7. The Damage – this gets realized the next morning, when you tally up how many bottles the house went down, how many wine glasses didn’t make it, and whether or not any of your best china dishes got broken. Red wine stains, where to put away all the special Christmas dishes (don’t try to figure this one out, I never could), leftovers everywhere.Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-1 Hopefully nobody broke a dining room chair or put holes in the gyprock walls. A Dinner for 20 will often require between 20 – 24 bottles of wine, with half coming from your guests. Of the 12 bottles that you supply, only 3 should be good bottles (dinner red and white for the old timers, and after dinner port). Your other 9 bottles should be house wine, or of house wine quality. Your 3 good wines may cost you $100 total, your nine house wines will run you about $15 each or $135 total. Your total wine bill will run about $225 – $250. This of course is just the wine bill.
  8. Passing the Torch – after hosting this event for 5 consecutive years or more, you become the host of choice, this becomes your event, your cross to bear. Words like “but we always have Christmas Dinner at your house, its a family tradition” are hard to get out from under. I have tried everything to move this tradition onto someone else, and nothing seems to work. I tried serving all plonk wines, I tried keeping the house too hot, then too cold. I tried running out of everything, not enough chairs, no gluten free turkey, nothing works!


So kids take note, when it becomes your time to host Christmas dinner for 20, I hope to be there as an invited guest. I will bring a bottle of plonk, I will ask for a glass of wine from your good stuff, not what I brought, and I will expect an above average dinner wine and a seat at the old timers table. Please make sure that the after dinner wine is a properly aged vintage port, and that you host the dinner before my 80th birthday.





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 55, Some Holiday Tasting Notes, January 24, 2018.

Holidays at my place are usually social gatherings with families and friends, and often provide ideal occasions to break open a special bottle. At my place, you have to pick and choose your time to open a special bottle because there is often too many people to share the bottle with. Let’s face it, a special bottle worth north of $200 does not go very far with 10 people or more. Two ounces is just enough to get a good taste, and that’s it. In fact, inhaling too hard could leave you with nothing but fumes in the glass, gone before you realize what happened!

So finding the right time, the right number of people, the right this and the right that … is just not that easy. Then you have to have the right wine for the occasion, be that red or white, young or old, sweet or dry. Every year I try to come up with two or three tasting experiences that went well enough to write about. This year I have 4 such experiences to share with you as follows:

  • 1990 Zind Humbrecht Herrenweg Turckheim Riesling Vendange Tardive – tasted December 10, 2017. Rieslings made from their Herrenweg Turckheim vineyard are excellent when young, so I was a little surprised that at 27 years of age this wine was fabulous, still tasting young and vibrant.

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Orange marmalade on the nose and palate, with lots of caramel, lemon/lime spritzer, and juicy ripe melons. Round, full and chewy on the palate, not weak and not acidic. Just full of life, no rough edges, no sign of any fading. This was an excellent, fully mature late harvest Riesling showing no signs of fatigue or decay. I would rate this wine at 93 points and give it easily another 10 – 15 years of life ahead of it. If you have a bottle of this beauty in your cellar and you are in no hurry to drink it, you can safely sit on it until 2020 and try it on its 30th birthday! We tasted this wine while we decorated our Christmas tree, a fine choice for a suitable family occasion.

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  • 1987 Robert Mondavi Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve – tasted December 16, 2017. This is my daughter’s birth year wine, and since her birthday had happened three weeks earlier without much celebration, six of us decided to try a bottle as we had some concerns the wine may be over the hill and in decline.

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This is still a very good California Cabernet Sauvignon, the cork was nice and moist, with lots of cherries, cedar, and light oak on the nose. On the palate the wine was soft and delicate, tasting of smooth dark chocolate leading to a minty, mineral, tangy finish and aftertaste. Once upon a time Robert Parker had rated this wine at 97 points in 1994, and today gives this wine a combined current rating of 92 points, which I agree with. Recent tasting notes still rate the wine highly, but fully mature and ready to drink now. There is no doubt that the wine is fully mature, and will only decline from here, but the real question is when. This wine could remain in its current state for another 5-10 years, but a good rule to follow if you have more than one bottle of this wine in your cellar would be to try this wine annually from here on. A great reason to try more frequently!

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  • 2015 Caves de Ribeauville Pinot Gris Vendanges Manuelles – tasted December 29, 2017. I suggested this wine in my blog post # 52 circulated on December 8, 2017. This wine is available at the SAQ in Quebec at $20.30 per bottle, product # 11601670. Just to show you that I do drink wines that I recommend, and that not all my wine suggestions are exotic or pricey, I did try a bottle of this over the holidays.

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This is a lovely Pinot Gris from Alsace, not sweet, not pricey, and not overly complicated. The wine was medium sweet with smoky aromas, dried fruit, fresh apricot and peaches, leading to a spicy finish. The smoke and spice in the wine offset most of the sweetness in the wine itself, leaving you with the overall impression that the wine is only just a little sweet. An Alsace Pinot Gris wine is usually very satisfying to drink because any residual sweetness in the wine is offset by the smoke and spice from the Pinot Gris grape, and this wine does just that. The wine is very nicely balanced, and drinks very well right now for a recent vintage. My impression of this wine is that you get great value for the price, and you can drink it right away. So if you want to buy any of the wines from this post, this would be the one to get.

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  • 1985 Moulin Touchais – tasted December 31, 2017. If you want to know more about Moulin Touchais wines, I urge you to read my earlier blog post # 14, dated April 19, 2016. In that post I cover a lot about the winery, their owners, their production method, why the wine is so incredibly balanced, and how long lived the wines from good vintages can be. There is no doubt that 1985 was a great year for Moulin Touchais, and my post # 14 gives detail of my tasting notes of the 1985 vintage from a tasting previously conducted in November 2013.

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So after 4 years I figured it was time to try the wine again. The wine is a dark golden color, with huge viscosity illustrated by the long legs or tears that flow ever so slowly down the inside of the glass. Aromas of orange marmalade, apricots, caramel, and spices tease your senses and promise more to come on the palate. Once in your mouth you are immediately aware of the sweetness, yet perfectly balanced with an acidity that leaves you refreshed rather than overwhelmed. On the palate you get the same principal taste sensations of orange marmalade, apricots, caramel and spices, but you also get a light smoky taste, and the spices warm your throat. The freshness and purity on the palate is very uplifting, and the spices finish with a tangy aftertaste to them. This wine is well built, well structured, and perfectly balanced. The longer you dwell on this wine by revisiting the aromas with another swirl of the glass, and another taste, the more impressed you get with the wine’s depth, the wine’s power, finesse, and complexity. The taste experience is beguiling, makes you feel as if you are being seduced – yes, that good!

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Comparing my tasting notes from 2013 the only difference that stands out is that the 2013 bottle showed more aromas of orange peels verses the orange marmalade in 2017. This makes sense, the wine is evolving, and the orange aromas are becoming more complex and more integrated into the overall expression on both the nose and palate. There is so much going on in this wine, it really does command your attention. In 2013 I rated this wine at 93 points, today I give it 95 points, and it should continue to improve for the next 5 years. As it improves with more age, different aromas and tastes will emerge and gain prevalence, making it worth the wait.

It is no accident that I tasted this wine on New Year’s Eve, my wife and I spent a nice quiet evening together at home. Another wise choice as there was lots more wine to go around between just the two of us. I recorked the empty bottle and when I uncork it again (as I have a few times since then), the few drops left in the bottle continue to dazzle the senses, reminding me of that great tasting experience.


So these were my tastings of note over the holidays. As you can see, what to taste, when to taste, and in the presence of who’s company, are all important components that go into the overall success of the tasting experience. You can also see the importance of having good cellar storage conditions so that you can count on that older bottle being in pristine condition. I was concerned about the Mondavi Cabernet Sauvignon before opening it, but not once it was open. I had expected the 1990 Zind Humbrecht to be drying out and losing some fruit, same as I had expected to see the 1985 Moulin Touchais losing momentum, but both were in great shape, and the Moulin Touchais is actually still continuing to improve with age, even at 32 years of age.

Wine tasting can be such good entertainment and so conducive to enhanced and enriched social interaction, in short – good times. So keep buying those bottles, store them properly, and know when to bring them out and enjoy.

Cheers, and here’s to a Happy New Year!


Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 54, Regenerative Grape Growers and Wine Producers, December 21, 2017

Do you know what a “regenerative farmer” or a ‘regenerative wine producer” is? Think in terms of an organic producer or farmer on steroids. The intent is to put carbon back into depleted soils and in so doing bring them back to life, to levels of health not seen in many, many decades. Healthy soils produce healthy crops, require little if any fertilization, support a healthy community of bacteria, and retain water, requiring little if any irrigation. As far as grape growing and wine making is concerned, healthier soil yields stronger, healthier grape vines that produce higher quality grapes, increased yield, and perhaps most important of all, grapes that express the “terroir” of the land much more than normal. Winemakers pride themselves on how expressive their wines are of the soil, the mineral content, and its various other components. Healthy soil allows all of that to happen.

“So what?” you might ask, “Why should this concern me”? Good question, this blog will outline some of the reasons why you should be concerned, and will highlight some of the wineries who are doing something about it, with good results.

I am going to assume that pretty much everyone in the modern, well informed world (with the possible exception of Donald Trump), are convinced that global warming has caused extreme climate change. California wildfires consume huge tracks of parched dry land (destroying several vineyards and coating several more with a black soot rendering this year’s crop useless), a killer frost in Bordeaux at the end of April 2017 destroys many grape vines, monster hurricanes lay waste to much of the Caribbean and ravage US coastal regions, and all the while average temperatures around the world continue to climb.

Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continues to increase, while desertification continues to grow as more and more soil converts into worthless dirt, and all of the nutrients are leached out of it. As more and more arable farmland weakens in nutrients and good bacteria, more and more fertilizer is required to grow produce in that increasingly nutrient deficient soil.

This past October, I attended the Living Soils Symposium Montreal, a 3- day conference which discussed regenerative agriculture and its potential to sequester atmospheric carbon while simultaneously restoring our fresh water reserves, preventing desertification and restoring the nutrient density in our food. The event was a huge success, and highly informative. This event spawned the creation of Regeneration Canada, a non-profit organization dedicated to building a national movement aimed at teaching farmers, food manufacturers, governments, and others how to rejuvenate and restore depleted soils by absorbing the excess carbon dioxide from our atmosphere back into our soils, through simple basic farming practices. This process will reverse the harmful effects of climate change and restore badly depleted farmlands to their natural healthy state. So this sounds like a great plan of action to me, but how does this tie into this wine blog about regenerative wine producers?

After some research I found 5 wineries engaged in either regenerative wine production or very sustainable practices. Two of them are local Canadian wineries in the Niagara region, RedStone Winery and Southbrook Vineyards. Chateau Maris is located in the Minervois district of the Languedoc in southern France, while Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte is found in the Pessac-Leognan region of Bordeaux. But by far the largest, and most recognized for their sustainability efforts, in this group is Fetzer, in California.

RedStone Winery – Redstone is a certified Biodynamic farm, which is a way of farming that treats the soil as a living organism and works to bring balance to the ecosystem. Biodynamic standards are similar to organic in that they prevent the use of artificial chemicals yet they differ in that they treat the crops, animals and soil as a single system. One concept of ‘regenerative’ or biodynamic farming is holistic grazing, and RedStone winery incorporates livestock into their agricultural system; their chickens feed on bugs, their sheep eat the lower vine leaves to expose the grapes to the ripening sun and they use horses instead of tractors whenever possible to help avoid soil compaction. In doing this, RedStone farms is improving the quality of its soils while simultaneously enhancing beneficial microorganisms and sequestering carbon.

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Southbrook Vineyards – Southbrook was Canada’s first vineyard to become certified by Demeter, the international certifying body that oversees biodynamic agriculture. Southbrook believes that the farm should be a self contained unit, where all materials including animal feed and manure are produced within the farm. Southbrook believes in the natural rhythms of nature and observing and responding to the environment in an organic way. They believe that this will create a unique terroir and ecosystem on the vineyard which will also result in vibrant and unique wines.

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Chateau Maris- A certified BCorp as well as Demeter certified Biodynamic, Chateau Maris focused on sustainable wine making from the very beginning. Chateau Maris is confronting climate change head on; they constructed their facility out of lightweight, organic hemp straw bricks that continue to capture and sequester carbon over many years as they harden. They converted unhealthy soils that were farmed conventionally into regenerative and organic vineyards.

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Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte- The Chateau plants the baby vines that they have grown in their grapevine nursery, which is a protected ecosystem on a separate island. This results in the winery successfully protecting the genetic diversity of their vineyard and nursery. Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte undertakes significant efforts to enhance microbial life in the soil such as adding their own organic compost and planting hedges and trees. They introduced beehives on the estate and they even plough their white wine fields with a horse! The Chateau was asked to present their environmental protection initiatives at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, December 2015. Based on the principles of a circular economy, the Chateau recovers rain water, recycles waste water, uses solar panels and transforms vine cuttings into compost or uses them for heating! Everything is regenerated.

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Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte is currently owned by Daniel and Florence Cathiard. They bought the 78 hectare estate in 1990. They both skied for the French Olympic ski team in 1965, and made their money selling their sports retail store chain “GO Sports” to fund the vineyard purchase. Their bio precision approach to wine making includes low intervention, bio dynamic viticulture, and even satellite technology that tracks grape ripening in their vineyards. Famed wine grower and consultant Michel Rolland also consults for them. For the last 19 years (since 1998) Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte has been rated by wine critics at 90 points plus every year. The wine costs in the range of about $125 – $150 per bottle CDN. In 2009 famous wine critic Robert Parker rated the wine at a perfect 100 points, and the price of their wine doubled almost immediately, and now that vintage costs about $360 per bottle.

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The estate also produces an equally as good Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte Blanc, pictured above, and 4 second wines named Le Petit Haut Lafitte (red), Le Petit Haut Lafitte Blanc, Les Hauts de Smith (red) and Les Hauts de Smith Blanc. The second wines are not quite as good in quality, but are often rated 90 points plus themselves, and normally cost half the price of their top quality label.

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In Ontario, at the LCBO you can buy the 2014 Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte red for $149.85 (495911), this wine is rated at 94 points by the Wine Spectator. In Quebec, at the SAQ you can buy the 2013 Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte white for $175.75 (13260080), rated 96 points by the Wine Spectator. You can also buy the 2014 Le Petit Haut Lafitte for $50.25 (13395030), rated 90 points by the Wine Spectator.

Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte also have one of the best storage cellars in Bordeaux, housing up to 1,000 barrels in their all underground cellars, see below. Does this give you “cellar envy”?

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Fetzer- Fetzer is certainly the leader in the sustainable wine-making arena, though their commitment is more to sustainability and to becoming carbon positive by 2030 than to regenerative agriculture specifically. Fetzer vineyards was among 19 global enterprises and the only wine company to receive a  “Momentum for Change” Climate Solutions Award for climate action at the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, Germany (COP23), which took place in October 2017. The sheer volume of wine they produce makes it difficult to practice 100% regenerative agriculture, the Fetzer group of companies generated sales of $156 million US in 2010 on 3.1 million cases of wine sold.

Fetzer was founded in 1968 by the Fetzer family, who sold the company in 1992 to Brown – Forman (they produce Jack Daniels whisky) for $82 million. Brown – Forman sold the company 19 years later in 2011 to the Chilean wine giants Concha Y Toro for $238 million. The Fetzer group of companies consists of Fetzer itself, Bonterra, Five Rivers, Jekel, Sanctuary, and Little Black Dress. Their combined operation consists of 1,060 acres of vines, annual production capacity of 9.5 million gallons at their Hopland facility and another 1.6 million gallons at their Paso Robles facility. Fetzer itself produces 11 different wines, 4 reds (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Zinfandel) and 7 whites (White Zinfandel, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Pinot Grigio, Moscato, Chardonnay, and Gewurztraminer). All Fetzer products are value priced in the $8.00 – $15.00 US range. Bonterra, Five Rivers, Jekel, Sanctuary, and Little Black Dress each produce their own full line of wines in similar fashion to Fetzer.

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Fetzer is a zero waste facility- they reintroduce the grape’s skins, stems and seeds into the vineyards as compost and thus divert 99.1% of all winery waste from landfill or incineration. If that isn’t already enough, Fetzer was the first US wine company to operate on 100% renewable energy beginning in 1999.

Additionally, Fetzer utilizes the power of worms and microbes to remove 99% of the winery’s wastewater. They are certified carbon neutral, while also being a certified BCorp, and they aim to empower ecosystems and local communities. Fetzer was also asked to present at COP 21 in Paris in 2015 to speak about their climate-smart wine-growing practices and have been implementing ever-improving sustainability efforts for decades. Well done!

Fetzer and Bonterra wines are widely available in both Ontario and Quebec. In Ontario at the LCBO you can buy Fetzer Chardonnay (291674), Fetzer Cabernet Sauvignon (336974), and Fetzer Merlot (341131) all at $13.85, and Fetzer Gewurztraminer (222778) at $12.95. You can also buy Bonterra Cabernet Sauvignon (342428), Bonterra Chardonnay (342436), and Bonterra Sauvignon Blanc 2015 (86249) all at $19.95, and Bonterra Viognier 2015 (128900) at $21.95.

In Quebec at the SAQ you can buy Fetzer Cabernet Sauvignon (00336874) and Fetzer Valley Oaks Fumé Blanc (00255448) at $13.60, and Fetzer Quartz White Blend (12074736) at $14.60. The Bonterra Viognier North Coast 2015 (00898767) and the Bonterra Sauvignon Blanc Mendocino County 2016 (11091905) both cost $20.05. The Bonterra Mendocino County Zinfandel 2015 (00530139) costs $20.10, the Bonterra Merlot Mendocino County 2014 (00897645) costs $20.95, the Bonterra Mendocino County Cabernet Sauvignon (00342428) costs $18.60, and the Bonterra Mendocino County Chardonnay 2016 (00342436) costs $18.55.

Concha Y Toro, the current owners of Fetzer, also share the same vision of organic and sustainable wine growing. This is very important when you realize that Concha Y Toro have been in business since 1883 (about 135 years), and they are a huge wine production company with sales over $1 billion USD since 2014. Concha Y Toro is the world’s 4th largest wine company by sales volume, and the world’s 2nd largest wine company by acreage under vine. This means that one of the largest wine companies in the world is fully committed to organic, sustainable grape growing and wine production methods. Hooray for the planet, a big player actually “gets it”!

Regenerative agriculture is the way of the future and needs our support to make it mainstream. This is also an important means by which to fight global warming and climate change by sucking excess carbon out of the atmosphere. There is however a long way to go before all farmers, food producers, and wineries jump on board. Others producers will join the trend once they see the leaders making better product, and making better money doing so. Therefore, what we the consumer can do to support and encourage the growth of regenerative farming and sustainable wine production is to buy and consume the product. So the next time you visit your local wine store, buy a couple of bottles of Fetzer, or Smith Haut Lafitte, or one of the others mentioned above, and take satisfaction from knowing that you are helping to save the planet while you sip on your wine!





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 53, Wines for the Holidays, December 15, 2017, Part 2

In my last blog, Wine for the Holidays, Part 1, I gave you several ideas for cheap party wines, both red and white, in both Quebec and Ontario. I also gave you suggestions for higher quality dinner wines for that holiday family dinner, both red and white, again in both Quebec and Ontario. In this blog I am going to suggest to you some after dinner, high quality dessert wines, both red and white, in both Quebec and Ontario. Lets not forget about one or two suggestions for Champagnes on New Year’s Eve. Then I am going to offer some suggestions for wines as gifts, generally more expensive, both red and white, available in both Quebec and Ontario.

Dessert wines have a tendency to be mostly sweet white wines or red Ports. Desserts at a Christmas dinner can vary from cakes and pies, to shortbread cookies and mincemeat tarts, and even a cheese tray. Generally they are not overly sweet, and this allows for a wide variety of dessert wines to be effective, ranging from late harvest Alsace to Sauternes, to Icewines. A full range of Ports will also work, from Late Bottled Vintage Port, to 10 or 20 year Tawny Ports, to Vintage Ports. Here are some ideas currently on the shelves in Quebec and Ontario:

In Ontario I suggest the following dessert wines:

  • Dark Horse Valegro Special Reserve Cabernet Franc Icewine 2015 / $44.95 375 ml. / 522508 – will pair nicely with most desserts, cheese, chocolate, etc.

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  • Henry of Pelham Riesling Icewine / $44.95 375 ml. / 430561 – same as above

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  • Chateau Climens 2010 / $75.75 375 ml. / 260109 – an excellent Sauternes (Barsac) from a great year, rated 94 points, not overpowering sweetness, lots of finesse.

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  • Graham’s Late Bottled Vintage Port 2008 / $17.45 / 404012 – always a well-priced after dinner treat, ready to drink now.

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  • Taylor Fladgate 20 Year Old Tawny Port / $69.95 / 149047 – if you want more from your Port than just a Late Bottled Vintage Port, then go either for a 20 Year Old Tawny or a Vintage Port. A 10 Year Old Tawny is not worth the slightly cheaper price, the 20 Year Old will show much more development, a broader range of flavors, and a smoother aftertaste, as does this 20 Year Old Taylor.

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  • Fonseca 2009 Vintage Port / $58.95 / 256875 – this is a fabulous Vintage Port at a fabulous price, rated 94 points by Robert Parker’s Neil Martin, and rated 95 points by Wine Spectator, costing roughly double this price in the US. There is plenty of this wine in the LCBO system, so make sure to pick up at least one bottle to drink for dessert at your holiday dinner, and one more for the cellar. The only drawback is drinking this beauty early (at 8 years of age) as it will only be fully mature in another 12-15 years. Make sure you decant this port for at least 4 hours, but do not be surprised if it still tastes a little young, it is still only an 8 year old!

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In Quebec I suggest the following:

  • Moulin Touchais 1997 / $49.75 / 11177418 – read my previous wine blog # 14 (April 19, 2016) all about Moulin Touchais wines. This is a great dessert wine and guaranteed to get a few people making note of the name and price. Rated 90 points on, a great balance between acidity and sweetness, and already 20 years of age. I would also not mind receiving a bottle of this as a Christmas present. You also have to like the price, compared to a Sauternes or a Vintage Port, this wine’s price is a bargain.

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  • Chateau Bastor Lamontagne Sauternes 2011 / $52.00 / 11131444 – not a top tier Sauternes, but a good bottle of dessert wine nevertheless, from a good year and at a reasonable price, rated 92 points by the Wine Enthusiast, rich on the palate.

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  • Petit Guiraud Sauternes 2013 / $26.85 375 ml. / 11651642 – the second wine of Chateau Guiraud, considered a major Sauternes producer. Consider this wine in the ½ bottle size if you are only 2-3 people for dinner and dessert, rather than a full bottle size which would be better suited for 6 people or more. The wine is a little young so decant for at least one hour.

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  • Graham’s Late Bottled Vintage Port 2012 / $20.00 / 191239 – younger and a little more expensive compared to the 2008 Graham’s LBVP in Ontario above, but still the least expensive dessert wine on my list from the SAQ. Depending on which SAQ store you shop at, you may find older LBVP Ports by Graham’s, Taylor’s, Fonseca, Warre’s and others at cheaper prices in the $17.00 – $18.00 range, if so then get that instead. All LBVP’s are ready to drink now.

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  • Taylor Fladgate 20 Year Old Tawny Port / $69.75 / 00149047 – the same wine is available in Ontario above, at almost the same price, with an almost identical product number, H’mmm –very strange, never mind, just get a bottle!

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  • Fonseca Vintage Port 2000 / $120.50 / 00708990 – it is difficult to find an older Vintage Port at the SAQ that is not too expensive, you can find cheaper Vintage Port, but only from 2011 and 2013 vintages which are just too young to dink right now. You can also get the Fonseca 2000 in the Magnum size (1,500 ml) priced well at $196.75 (product # 00708842). Robert Parker rates this wine at 96 points, and Wine Spectator gives it 94 points, ready to drink in 2020, so to offset that, decant the wine 5-6 hours before drinking.

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For New Year’s Eve, you must get bubbles, and that should be Champagne. I have three suggestions for you as follows:

  • Taittinger Compte de Champagne Blanc de Blancs Brut 2006 / $215.00 / 55277 – Ontario, see my notes from my previous blog # 51 (November 28, 2017) where I tasted several Taittinger Champagnes at the Montreal Wine Show, and this was their best Champagne at that event by a wide margin. This bottle, as you can see from the LCBO photo below, comes in an attractive gift box. Although this is expensive, it is perfect for two and an intimate evening in!

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  • Moet + Chandon Brut Imperial / $67.65 / 453084 – Ontario, a standard dry Champagne from a well known producer, at a reasonable price.

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  • Veuve Cliquot Ponsardin Brut / $70.25 / 563338 – Quebec, again another well known producer at a reasonable price, enjoy!

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Finally, I have below some gift suggestions for the boss, clients, Dad, your favorite wine collector, etc. These suggestions are not meant to be cheap, but they are also meant to be not too expensive either. Anyone can go get a 1st growth Bordeaux like a Chateau Margaux or Chateau Latour for $1,000.00 or more, but I am assuming you want a gift usually in the $200.00 or less category. So the challenge is to find good value in the $50.00 to $200.00 price range, and at the same time get the recipient a quality wine they can enjoy now or keep.

In Ontario I like these selections:

  • Burgess Cabernet Sauvignon Napa Valley 2013 / $72.95 / 291914 – rated 92 points by Robert Parker himself, from a great vintage, drinking well now and will last for another 20 years.

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  • Chateau Pontet Canet 2011 / $159.85 / 297739 – rated 93 points, this 5th growth Bordeaux has been producing at 2nd growth level for the last 10 years now, having produced two stellar 100 point vintages back to back in 2009 and 2010. While the 2011 vintage is not as good, it is ready sooner, a lot cheaper, and still highly rated. This makes a very nice gift and represents excellent value.

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  • Chateau Gloria 2012 / $77.00 / 9829 – a St. Julien Bordeaux red, rated 89 points, will age nicely, still a little young to be drinking now, but well priced from a good vintage.

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From Quebec, these wines caught my attention:

  • Domaine Queylus Pinot Noir Reserve 2012 / $47.25 / 12456494 – this Niagara region wine is just superb to drink right now. See my tasting notes in my previous blog # 50 (November 21, 2017) from the Montreal Wine Show in November, where this wine was, in my opinion, the best performing Queylus wine at the show. This is a round, soft, Burgundy style Pinot Noir at its best, fully mature and in full bloom, and very reasonably priced for the quality in the glass. And as an added bonus it can be opened right away, does not require decanting or cellaring, a nice gift idea.

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  • Chateau Grand Puy Lacoste Pauillac 2010 / $142.00 / 11520781 – rated at 96 points by Robert Parker, this 5th growth Bordeaux, like Chateau Pontet Canet above, is performing at a higher level than their current 5th growth status. Lovely cedar, plums and cassis on the palate from a great vintage. A gift for the cellar, to be enjoyed in 5 years.

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  • Chateau Rieussec Sauternes 2010 / $125.00 / 12293031 – one of the top Sauternes in a very good year, rated 93 points by several critics, orange, pineapple, honey, great depth and length, will get better with age but easily enjoyed now.

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  • Chateau Montelena Chardonnay 2013 / $71.00 / 11328175 – rated 18/20 by Jancis Robinson, this full blown Napa Valley Chardonnay is buttery smooth with thick chewy Chardonnay flavors, with some crafty smoky oak on the palate to balance the effect. Good for the next 5 years, a classy wine to pull out when you want a really good California white.

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  • Chateau Montelena Cabernet Sauvignon 2010 / $172.25 / 12400141 – rated 92 points by Antonio Galloni, right up there in quality with other California Cabs like Opus 1 but at $100 less per bottle, any collector will welcome this bottle into his/her cellar with open arms.

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  • Taylor Fladgate 2000 Vintage Port / $260.50 Magnum, 1,500 ml. / 852483 – now this bottle is worth getting excited about, rated 95 points by Wine Spectator and 98 points by Robert Parker, in a magnum size, perfect for entertaining, ready to drink now but only getting better for the next 30 years, display with pride in your cellar or open for dessert with your next dinner for 10.

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There is lots of good wine to be found in both the LCBO and the SAQ, hopefully these ideas will help you discover new wines to match up with those good times that family and friends bring to us over the holidays. Shop now, then relax and enjoy! Wishing you all the best over the holidays.



Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 52, Wines for the Holidays, December 8, 2017, Part 1

The holiday season is upon us again, and it is time to consider which wines you will want to buy for the many different occasions, events, and gifts you may want to give at this busy time of the year. You may need suggestions for wine as a gift, ranging in price from $20.00 to $200.00 or more. You may be going to a Christmas dinner with the family and want to bring a nice wine for the meal. You may be going to a friend’s Christmas or New Year’s Eve party and want to bring an inexpensive bottle, yet something that will not embarrass you. Buying wine for any of these occasions can be difficult for many reasons: lack of time, I have no idea what they like, should I bring a white or a red, my favorite wine is sold out – now what do I get, etc.

So what I have done is put together a fairly extensive list of wines in both Quebec and Ontario to give you some ideas as to what works, and why. I took several selections in Ontario from the latest Vintages release scheduled for December 9th, and I shopped for ideas for you from the SAQ Sélection stores. The selection is great, so read through these ideas.

You are going to a Christmas or New Years party, and you need to bring a decent bottle of wine, what should you get? There is plenty of selection in the $20.00 price range, but first you need to decide on a white or a red. When selecting a white, do not get an overly dry, coarse, young wine, instead try to pick up a wine with some character, and as old as possible (many selections will be 2 years or less in age and in many cases that is just too young). In reds, avoid a wine that is nowhere near ready to drink, get a bottle that is older, but if younger is your only choice then opt for a full, fruity vintage that drinks well even though ultra young.

In Ontario, I like the following inexpensive red wines for parties:

  • Joel Gott 815 Cabernet Sauvignon 2015 / $24.95 / 444059 – a full bodied fat California Cab, cherries and chocolate, decant 1-2 hours if possible.

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  • Chateau Ste. Michelle Cabernet Sauvignon 2015 / $21.95 / 269357 – Washington State, softer and silky smooth, no decanting required.

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  • Trivento Golden Reserve Malbec 2014 / $19.95 / 588731 – an Argentine Malbec, a little older, rated 92 points by James Suckling.

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  • The Black Chook Shiraz/Viognier 2016 / $18.95 / 066738 – an Australian full bodied Shiraz, rated 90 points plus every year for the last 12 years, decant 2 hours.

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  • Tom Gore Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 / $19.95 / 451336 – a California Cab, drink now, rich, ripe and fruity.

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  • Primus Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 / $19.95 / 486043 – from Chile’s Maipo Valley, smooth, currants, berries, mint, rated 92 points by James Suckling, older wine, more mature.

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  • Tahbilk Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 / $22.95 / 138818 – gold medal 2016 Australia wine show, rated 94 points by, decant 3 hours as the wine is still young.

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  • Chateau Hauchat 2015 Fronsac / $16.95 / 123489 – medium body, fruity, Merlot blend, earthy and spicy, will age 3-5 years, but why wait, drink it now.

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In Quebec, I like the following inexpensive red wines for parties:

  • Joel Gott 815 Cabernet Sauvignon 2015 / $23.70 / 12257014 – same wine as above in Ontario, just $1.25 cheaper, (wow how is that for a switch, always used to be the other way around!)

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  • The Seven Deadly Zins 2015 / $23.30 / 11383473 – a California Zinfandel, refreshing and nice fruit, reliable, decant 1 hour.

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  • Monasterio de Las Vinas Reserva 2012 / $15.10 / 854422 – Spanish, full and fruity, aged and ready to drink.

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  • Monasterio de Las Vinas Gran Reserva Carinena 2010 / $19.35 / 10359156 – Spanish, 2 years older and slightly better quality wine, full bodied and ready to drink now, decant 1 hour.

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  • Michel Rolland Bordeaux 2010 / $21.65 / 12825894 – a Bordeaux blend from a good winemaker in a good year, at a good price. Decant 1-2 hours.

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  • D’Arenberg The Stump Jump Shiraz 2014 / $15.55 / 12505815 – full blown fruit, simple pleasure, refreshing and flavourful on the palate, great value for the price, ready to drink.

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  • D’Arenberg d’Arry’s Original Shiraz Grenache 2013 / $21.95 / 10346371 – a regular favorite, full chewy berry/ chocolate, round and soft, mature and ready to drink.

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  • D’Arenberg The High Trellis Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 / $22.00 / 10968146 – bring this only if you can decant it for 3 hours before drinking it at the party, it needs that time to soften up and let the fruit open up.

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  • Liano Sangiovese Cabernet Sauvignon Umberto Cesari  $26.60 / 12042603 – for those who love Italian wines this wine will do the trick, a full bodied fruity blend, decant one hour.

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In Ontario, the following white wines would be my suggestions for inexpensive party wines:

  • Familia Zuccardi Q Chardonnay 2016 / $19.95 / 232702 – from Mendoza Argentina, a crisp lightly oaked wine, still very young, decant one hour.

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  • Oyster Bay Pinot Grigio 2016 / $19.95 / 326090 – light, crisp, dry, lemon-lime flavors from New Zealand, still young, very versatile, something most people will enjoy.

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  • Trimbach Riesling 2015 / $22.95 / 734517 – rated 91 points by, a great Alsace white, crisp, clean, dry Riesling from a great Alsace producer in a great year, try a bottle.

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  • Dr. Loosen Blue Slate Riesling Kabinett 2016 / $22.95 / 160846 – a great German producer, off dry Riesling with peach, lime, mineral and floral tones and flavors, an easy sipping wine that will pair nicely with cheese and party munchies.

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In Quebec, the following white wines got my attention as inexpensive party wines:

  • Oyster Bay Pinot Grigio 2016 / $18.60 / 12565789 – same wine as above in Ontario, but oh my goodness $1.35 cheaper in Quebec, pinch me I must be dreaming. Buy this by the case before thirsty Ontario wine drinkers clean us out.

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  • Oyster Bay Sauvignon Blanc 2017 / $18.60 / 316570 – lighter than the Pinot Grigio, but so very young, try one, for those who want something not Chardonnay.

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  • Caves de Ribeauville Pinot Gris 2015 Vendanges Manuelles / $20.30 / 11601670 – try this Alsace Pinot Gris, will be full bodied and smoky, will go great with smoked salmon, robust pronounced flavours, my personal favorite on this list of whites.

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  • Wente Vineyards Morning Fog Chardonnay 2016 / $18.65 / 10754084 – a California Chardonnay, I love the name, morning fog is the way I start most days, not an over-oaked Chardonnay so give it a try, still a little young.

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  • Zuccardi Serie A Chardonnay Viognier 2015 / $14.60 / 516443 – an Argentine Chardonnay blend, not too young and very well priced, try this wine, you should be pleasantly surprised.

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  • D’Arenberg The Hermit Crab Viognier Marsanne 2016 / $20.00 / 10829269 – I have tasted and rated this wine before in my blog post # 43, this is a great wine, a little young still, but a fun party wine because it has body, flavor, depth, and is not a Chardonnay, get one.

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The next category of wines you will need for the holiday season will be what I call dinner wines. I am thinking here about a Christmas dinner, or a family gathering where a special meal is enjoyed with family and/or close friends. This is not a party, so you need to honour the occasion with a better quality wine. You will also need to determine red or white or both, and you will need to make some adjustments in terms of wine selected depending on what is being served, and which family members drink only white or only red. For example, if 3 of 8 guests only drink white and the main course is roast beef, then you have to find a white wine that goes properly with roast beef. Fortunately turkey goes with both red and white wines.

In Ontario I like the following, both red and white, as dinner wines:

  • Conundrum White 2015 / $24.95 / 342824 – a lovely California Chardonnay/Sauvignon Blanc blend, full of fat fruit flavours and floral scents, lychees, the body and fragrance of this wine will go great with turkey.

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  • Domaine de Chevalier Clos des Lunes Lune D’Argent Blanc 2014 / $34.00 / 530642 – from the LCBO Classics selection so you may need to shop for this one, a great Bordeaux white from the Domaine de Chevalier estate who are highly respected for their white wines, dry, crisp, both delicate and structured at the same time, has enough age on it so any rough edges have already rounded out, this will go with turkey, any seafood, ham and pork. For red meats I would go with the Conundrum above. May be already sold out at the LCBO.

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  • Chateau de Beaucastel Coudoulet de Beaucastel Blanc 2015 / $34.95 / 048892 – a white wine Marsanne/Viognier blend, rated 90 points by, a rich and smooth, full bodied white, decant one hour to let the wine open up and warm up a little.

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  • Cannonball Merlot 2014 / $24.95 / 342824 – a great California red reasonably priced, full fruit, spice, and chocolate, ready to drink now, pairs with all meats, turkey, chicken, duck, etc.

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  • Don Christobal Triana 2011 / $29.95 / 512863 – from Mendoza Argentina, a Malbec/Shiraz/Cabernet Sauvignon blend, rated 95 points by Decanter Magazine and Best in Show, full bodied, smooth, lots of fruit, smoke, and spice, nicely aged and rounded out, decant for 1-2 hours, works well with turkey and all meats.

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  • Elderton Barossa Shiraz 2014 / $24.95 / 713024 – an Australian Shiraz showing lots of plums, cloves, and smoky oak, smooth and full bodied, a wine to pair with red meats, works with the gravy and stuffing of turkey if they are cooked with herbs and spices.

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  • Famille Perrin Les Christins Vacqueyras 2014 / $24.95 / 973453 – a Cote Du Rhone red showing rich dark fruit, perfumed, pepper, licorice and chocolate, but this wine needs 3 hours decanting to get those flavors out and on display. Works well with all red meats, works with turkey also when the wine has opened up, so decanting is important.

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In Quebec there are several reds that work, and only a couple of whites that I could find that I liked:

  • Francis Ford Coppola Director’s Cut Chardonnay 2015 / $29.05 / 12535512 – a full bodied, full throttle California Chardonnay, will match with turkey and most meats, guaranteed your guests will write down the name and buy some for New Years.

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  • Robert Mondavi Private Selection Chardonnay 2015 / $21.85 / 13426094 – a new release at the SAQ, this wine is bourbon barrel aged which adds a whole new taste dimension to this California Chardonnay. I am going to try a bottle paired with turkey this season. Sometimes if you have a gluten free gravy or stuffing it can be very bland, this wine will add such a new bourbon taste to the mix you will forget all about the blandness of the gluten free parts of the meal.

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  • Robert Mondavi Private Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 2016 / $22.85 / 13426043 – like the Chardonnay above, this wine is also a new release at the SAQ, and it too is bourbon barrel aged. I was initially concerned that this wine might be too young for a dinner wine, but when I tasted it recently I was no longer concerned, the bourbon flavor gives it a nice spicy port-like kick that gives you that warmth and softness on the palate that one normally associates with a more mature wine. This wine will pair very well with turkey.

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  • Jean Pierre Moueix Pomerol 2014 / $32.60 / 739623 – this is essentially a Bordeaux Merlot blend from one of the most famous producers in Pomerol (Petrus). 2014 was a very good year, this Merlot should work well with turkey, I would suggest decanting for 1 hour or more.

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  • Francis Ford Coppola Director’s Cut Cabernet Sauvignon 2015 / $30.60 / 11383545 – this is a full bodied California Cabernet which I would decant for at least 2 hours to let the wine open up. You can expect lots of berry fruit, chocolate, and a full long smooth aftertaste. A little more on the punchy side for turkey (so you are forgiven if you opt for a Bordeaux instead), but this works well with all other meats so it is quite versatile.

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  • D’Arenberg The Galvo Garage Cabernet Sauvignon/Merlot 2012 / $28.95 / 11155876 – a great Australian producer, a nice Cab/Merlot blend, and not too young either. This you must decant 3 hours to get the flavors all opened up, but when you do you will find this works with just about everything, turkey included.

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  • Dell’Ornellaia Le Volte Toscana 2015 / $28.60 / 10938684 – for my Italian friends who absolutely must have an Italian red on the dinner table, needs 2 hours decanting, and as a backup have a bottle of the Liano Sangiovese Cabernet Sauvignon Umberto Cesari at $26.60 per bottle described above as a red party wine (decant this one 2 hours as well).

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  • Bachelder Cote de Nuits Villages 2012 / $40.00 / 12089461 – made by winemaker Thomas Bachelder of Domaine Queylus in the Niagara region, Thomas makes very good wine and here is a chance to put a good quality Burgundy from a good year on the table for a reasonable price. This wine will pair nicely with turkey, decant for 2 hours.

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  • Chateau Lalande-Borie St. Julien 2014 / $45.25 / 12929589 – the second wines of the 2014 vintage from several classified Bordeaux chateau are on SAQ shelves now, and I think this wine shows good promise. Owner Bruno Borie also owns Chateau Ducru Beaucaillou, and he brings that pedigree to this relatively new label. This wine is smooth, rated 89 points and ready to drink now, also comes from a good year. It will match well with turkey and almost everything else, decant 1 hour.

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  • Chateau Larose-Trintaudon Cru Bourgeois 2010 / $25.90 / 11835388 – Stephen Spurrier gives this wine 88 points, great fruit, fleshy, well balanced, not overly acidic. From a great vintage, decant 2 hours to let the wine soften up and the fruit show. Turkey and red meats will pair nicely with this wine.

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These selections should give you plenty to choose from for the party circuit and the dinner table over the holidays. My next blog will follow shortly, where I will have some dessert wine suggestions, my suggestions for New Year’s Eve Champagnes, and most importantly, mid and upper end wine gift suggestions.

I hope you get some ideas from the suggestions above, try a few and broaden your wine knowledge base.



Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 51, La Grande Dégustation, Montreal Wine Show 2017, Part 2, Nov 28, 2017.

Having tasted a lot of red wine during the first part of the show, I was glad to move into white wines with the Champagnes and Rieslings, so here is Part 2 of my tasting experience at La Grande Dégustation, The Montreal Wine Show, which we attended November 3, 2017.

Many Champagne houses were represented at the show including well known names such Moet and Chandon, Laurent-Perrier, Pol Roger, Pommery and Taittinger. We chose to spend most of our time in Champagne at Taittinger, where Carlos De Ipanema guided us through a tasting of six of their products, which was very impressive. Taittinger makes over 35 different Champagne products and ages them a minimum of 3 years in their cellars before they are released for sale. With annual production of over 6 million bottles, Taittinger has over 3 kilometers of underground cellars in Reims, clearly a large scale operation.

At $59.75 per bottle, the Taittinger Brut Réserve is their baseline non vintage product, a blend of 40% Chardonnay, 40% Pinot Noir, and 20% Pinot Meunier, fine bubbles, low foam, peach, vanilla and floral scents on the nose, fresh and zesty on the palate.

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The Taittinger Prélude Brut Grands Crus, at $79.50 per bottle is a step up from the Brut Réserve, a blend of 50% Chardonnay and 50% Pinot Noir, rated 92 points by The Wine Spectator and 90 points by The Wine Advocate, and worth every point of those ratings.

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My personal favorite of the bunch was the 2006 Comptes De Champagne Blanc De Blancs which retails at $174.50 per bottle, 100% Chardonnay, fine bubbles, delicate froth, fresh nose with plenty of citrus, vanilla, lemons, almonds, and lime. Very refined with lots of class, a Champagne made to last 30-40 years, buy a couple to lay away and celebrate your retirement.

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The Taittinger Prestige Rosé at $81.50 per bottle is 55% Pinot Noir, 30% Chardonnay, and 15% Pinot Meunier, rated 92 points by The Wine Spectator and 90 points by The Wine Advocate. The bubbles are small and delicate, the nose detects aromas of raspberry, cherry and currant, with more red fruits on the palate and a touch of spice in the aftertaste, very pleasant, a perfect warm weather refreshment.

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The Taittinger Nocturne City Lights at $72.00 per bottle is a blend of 40% Chardonnay, 35% Pinot Noir, and 25% Pinot Meunier, and was my second favorite Champagne of the group. Again well rated at 90 points by The Wine Spectator, you taste peach and apricots on the palate with a fresh zesty aftertaste.

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Finally, we tasted the Taittinger Nocturne City Lights Rosé, a blend of 30% Chardonnay, and 70% Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier, rated 89 points by The Wine Spectator and retailing at $79.50 per bottle. My third favorite Champagne from Taittinger, full bodied and fleshy on the nose and the palate, yet dry and fresh on the aftertaste, a very versatile Champagne that would perform well on its own, with a light meal or even with a dessert.

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Six different Champagnes, one for every occasion or different type of meal, a very thoughtful, versatile and comprehensive offering of Champagnes from Taittinger, congratulations Carlos (shown below with some of our tasting team), very well done.

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Next we moved on to the Riesling section and of course I was drawn like a magnet to the Hugel booth where Jean Frédéric Hugel guided us through a tasting of five outstanding Riesling wines. If you want to get a full appreciation of Riesling wines at their best, the best place to look is at the Famille Hugel wines from Alsace – heaven, and often perfection in a bottle.

I have written about Hugel wines before in my previous blog posts 21 (June 7, 2016), 17 (May 10, 2016), and 6 (February 19, 2016), so by now you must realize that I am a big fan of Hugel wines. One of the reasons why it is so important to attend wine shows such as this one is because the owner, winemaker, or one of their team is usually there at the show pouring their wine for you. You also get a chance to taste and buy their best wines, wines that you may never see imported by your local provincial liquor board or your local wine shop. This time was no exception.

We tasted with Jean Frédéric the following wines from Famille Hugel: 1) the 2016 Classic Riesling, 2) the 2013 Estate Riesling, 3) the 2011 Riesling Grossi Laue, 4) the 2011 Riesling Vendage Tardives, and finally the 2010 Riesling Sélection de Grains Nobles.The Hugel family have been producing wine since 1639, they produce over 1.3 million bottles of wine per year, and Jean Hugel (Jean Frédéric’s grandfather) wrote the rules on Alsace late harvest wines.

The 2016 Classic Riesling was everything you expect from Hugel in the way of an honest, clean Riesling. Well made, the classic steely dry Riesling grape showing plenty of lemon, citrus, and lime flavors with a hint of flint like mineral tones on the aftertaste. This base line product you expect to find locally at about $20.00 per bottle, and will always perform well with any seafood.

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The 2013 Estate Riesling is the next level up at $43.25 per bottle and boasts tastes of apple, pear, almond, and honey. The grapes clearly come from their famous Schoenenbourg vineyards with that unique marley/mineral/chaulky character to the finish on the wine.

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But Jean Frédéric was just getting started with his enthusiasm for the terroir of his wines. It was great to watch the youthful energy with which he described his wines, like they were his children with their own unique behavioral characteristics. This reminded me so much of how his grandfather Jean Hugel guided us through a tasting of Hugel wines in Riquewihr in 1986, with that same Hugel passion that says the family has put their heart and soul into every bottle they make. That is another reason why I strongly recommend attending wine shows such as this one, let the winemaker impress you with their dedication, commitment to detail, knowledge of their terroir, and their passion to make you the best wines they can. Believe me, you will remember that winemaker every time you open a bottle of their wine, and that is an important part of your relationship with wine.

We then continued our tasting with the 2011 Riesling Grossi Laue, which retails at $113.50 per bottle. This wine also displayed the lemon/lime/citrus flavors, but also added in scent of flowers, pistachio nuts, almonds, peach and just a little salt. The combined effect was just a powerhouse Riesling, giving the impression that the wine needed another 5 years before revisiting – it needs time to open further. Great now but to be even better in 5 years time.

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The 2011 Riesling Vendages Tardives is made with 62 grams of residual sugar, and comes from vines averaging 30 years of age. The wine is smooth, sophisticated, elegant, yet full bodied, sweet, and balanced by perfect acidity. Intense floral scents, pears, honey. So much flavor, and such concentrated power, a pleasure to taste.

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The 2010 Riesling Sélection de Grains Nobles came to us from a 375 ml. bottle that retails at $185.00 per bottle. The wine is made with 120 grams of residual sugar, but the high sugar content is perfectly balanced with just the right level of acidity so that the finished product is light and lively, not thick and overpowering. The vines average 40 years of age, the wine was bottled in 2011 and according to Jean Frédéric “it has not moved in 5 years”, meaning that it has not evolved or aged in the bottle at all. This is a wine made to last at least 50 years. On the palate you get bombarded by lemon, peach, rhubarb, ginger, honey, and overripe grapes, combining into a smooth and creamy finish with enough acidity to cleanse the palate and leave you wanting more. Just stunning in every way, dare I say “perfection in a bottle”?

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The price tag reflects the high quality of the wine and it’s scarcity, which is exactly why it is so important to attend these wine shows and taste rare gems like this wine. Famille Hugel would love to make their Sélection de Grains Nobles wines every year (they have produced SGN wines from Gewurztraminer, Riesling, and Pinot Gris grapes), but weather is often a factor limiting production to maybe 3 years in 10 for Gewurztraminer and even less frequent for Riesling and Pinot Gris. So having an SGN Riesling 2010 at the show available for tasting and purchase is just a wonderful treat. Very well done Jean Frédéric! Your grandfather Jean, and your father Etienne, would be proud of you, 13th generation Hugel ambassador!

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With only 15 minutes left before closing time we scampered over to the Treasury Wines booth where we tasted another 3-4 wines from Penfolds, Lindeman’s, Wolf Blass, and Wynn’s. The one wine among this group that left an impression on me was the 2016 Gentleman’s Collection Cabernet Sauvignon made by Lindeman’s. The wine was a full throttle cab, with lots of smoke and spice heaped onto a solid Cabernet Sauvignon base. Our guide told us they even add a small shot of port fortified wine to the final blend, which certainly explains the richness of the Cabernet Sauvignon fruit on the palate and that lingering aftertaste. This wine at under $20.00 per bottle is well worth adding to your buy list if you like a full bodied Australian Cabernet Sauvignon, it’s on my own buy list now.

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In all we tasted over 35 wines in about 2 ½ hours, a full evening’s work, but we had a lot of fun and learned a lot about Washington State wines, Taittinger Champagnes, and I met Jean Frédéric Hugel for the first time and thoroughly enjoyed his presentation and tasting. Whether it be Jean Frédéric Hugel, Mickey Dunne, or Carlos De Ipanema from Taittinger, all three are passionate about wine, especially their wine. That passion shows in their presentation, their hospitality, and their product. This is why you need to attend wine shows, because it is people who make the great wines of the world, and meeting those people goes a long way towards fully appreciating the wines that they make, and the effort and passion that goes into that process. I can’t wait until next year and I hope to meet you there. I will be there, how about you?