Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 63, How to Wine Show, October 29, 2018

In this blog I am going to give you some tips on “How to Wine Show”, to get maximum value out of your time at a wine show. I am also going to give you an amusing wine trade’s perspective on how we, the general public, present ourselves to the trade when we attend their shows.

The season for wine trade shows is upon us once again. As in previous years I will once again be attending this year’s La Grande Dégustation scheduled for November 1st – November 3rd at Place Bonaventure in downtown Montreal. This is the largest wine trade show in eastern Canada, always well attended (Quebecers love their wine). This year’s themes will be Italian wines, the Pinot Gris grape, and Gin. Tickets are $18.00 at the door, or $15.00 if bought in advance. Tasting coupons are $1.00 each, and most wines will cost between $3.00 and $5.00 to taste.

The entire editorial staff of Reg’s Wine Blog will be there on Friday evening to seek out and taste as many hidden gems as possible, with the objective of reporting back to you, our readers, on what we have found. The people who man the tasting booths at these shows are an interesting assortment of wine industry professionals ranging from sales agents to the wine producers themselves, so you never know when you will come face to face with a winery owner, wine maker, operator, or sales manager. To me this is one of the best features of the show, the chance to talk directly with the owner/operator of a 13th generation family owned winery such as Jean Frédéric Hugel from Hugel Wines in Alsace, or other owner/operators such as Mickey Dunne from Powers Winery in Washington, Carlos De Ipanema from Taittinger Champagnes, or Thomas Bachelder from Domaine Queylus in Niagara. Having these fine gentlemen serve you up your own private tasting at the show (as they did for us at last year`s show, see Reg’s Wine Blogs # 50 and 51) , and having the chance to discuss their wines as you taste them together is priceless, and well worth the price of admission.

So I was very amused to read a recent article on what wine trade professionals thought of the attendees (that would be us) at the wine trade shows they were working. According to the article I read (and please excuse me for not crediting the author because I had deleted the article and have been unable to find it since), wine show attendees fall into one of the following eight categories:

  • Floor Fillers (the “why am I here “ types, those who attend because they are with someone else who really wants to be there). The floor filler often has this blank look on their face, until sufficient tasting transforms them into a “blank look with a smile” face. This type of attendee meanders around the room aimlessly from booth to booth looking for something or someone they never find. This type of attendee serves a very useful purpose, making the room look far more congested than it really is.
  • Meanies (those attendees who are too candid with their comments, usually negative, on the wines being tasted). This type of person can most charitably be described as a “wine critic in training”, an amateur sadly lacking in the art of constructive criticism. This “critic in training” is crudely focused on mastering the art of negative verbal feedback, with no concept of the more subtle approach of issuing nothing more than non-verbal cues, such as twisted and contorted facial expressions of pain, then just walking away shaking one’s head in pity. To make matters more obvious, their verbal tirade is saturated with non-wine related metaphors such as “this wine smells like dirty diapers”, rather than something a little more relevant such as “the nose has a peculiar odd combination of sulphur and rotting vegetation”.
  • The Apologists (these people are too polite). We live in an age of political correctness, gender neutrality, me too, and inclusion. Many people have learned to be overly polite to the point that their comments and feedback are just too whitewashed, and as a result their overall impression is a net neutral. This is of no help whatsoever to the winemaker pouring you a tasting glass of his wine. Imagine the winemaker confronted with dozens of tasters all reacting the same way, apologizing that their taste buds must be off because they could not taste the fruit on the palate, when in fact the wine was vinified bone dry in the first place. This is why winemakers pull their hair out at wine shows. The Apologist needs to find a backbone somewhere, so they should pair up with a Meany.
  • The Connoisseurs (the experts). The biggest problem with these wine show experts is that they really don’t have as much expertise as they think they have, and the more they talk the less they seem to know. With so many winery owners, winemakers, and winery managers in attendance, connoisseurs would be well advised to focus on asking questions and listening attentively to the answers. Real connoisseurs know when to talk and when to listen.
  • The Leaches (free drink brigade). These people may appear to be overly friendly at first, and they just seem to hang around the booth taking up floor space and cutting down on the traffic flow to your tasting table. They spend most of their time talking amongst themselves, and when their tasting glass is almost empty, they strike up a new dialogue with the server, usually to remark that they have just discovered a new flavor emerging on their palate, and could you just top them up a little so they can verify the new flavors and aromas (top up with only a half portion, and not enough to pay for another shot). So right away you know you have just fallen down that slippery slope and you will be stuck with these leaches for another half hour.
  • The Buddies (photos, hugs, and by the way, the show is almost over so may I take the rest of that bottle home with me). These people often get too pushy and imposing, they are far more overbearing than the Leaches. The Leaches are just looking for free drinks, but the Buddies want to visit the winery as guests with a free winery tour, free tasting, free meal with wine at the winery, autographed bottles for future auction purposes, and more. Some even expect to purchase directly from the winery at discounted rates, regardless of your distribution agreements preventing this.
  • The Poshos (the overdressed crowd). You know the type, there to make a fashion statement. The men in suits, some in tuxedos. The women in dresses, loaded up with jewellery and perfume. The tasting table is a dangerous place for them to be, far too often tasters will bump into each other spilling wine from their glass, often onto the person they just bumped into. So the Posho usually sends a runner into the crowd at the tasting table to fetch a glass for them, hoping that everyone glares at them to wonder what famous person they are. Ah, the need for attention makes people do some very strange things.
  • The Red Trouser Brigade (the trendies). By trendy we mean elegant and up to date in fashion without overkill. Sorry, but the purple and orange hair, the nose rings, and the multiple pierced earrings are overkill, so you are not trendy. The Red Trouser Brigade have worked hard to perfect their outer appearance with just the right clothing, hair style, makeup and demeanor, the only thing missing is a glass of the best. So these people always go for a taste of your most expensive wine, and they are always too busy answering incoming calls to strike up any conversation with the wine servers. The truth be known, all the calls are to and from their other Red Trouser Brigade friends at other tasting booths, and they are either looking for each other, or alerting them to a wine “they simply MUST try at another booth”. It is not easy being so chic, these people are so amusing to observe in action.

So which category would you fit into? For myself, I certainly am not fashion conscious, so I am not a Posho or a Red Trouser Brigade type. I am also not a Floor Filler, a Meany, or an Apologist. That leaves me with a choice of being either the Connoisseur, the Leach, or the Buddy. Personally I think I am a mixture of the best features of the Connoisseur and Buddy, but I could also see how the server on the other side of the tasting table might think that I am also part Leach.

I thought it was really quite interesting and amusing to read this article on how the trade categorizes wine show attendees. Think about it at the next wine show you attend. Watch out for those Floor Fillers, they walk around like zombies and will most certainly spill your drink when they bump into you. Stand clear of the Poshos waiting way back of the tasting table, because a runner with several glasses is on the way, weaving his or her way around the Floor Fillers, and collisions are inevitable. If you happen upon a Meany berating a server for an endless parade of defects in the wine, lend support to the server with positive comments that make you sound like a Connoisseur, and you just might become a Buddy.

If you are planning to attend a wine trade show this season, remember my recommendations from previous wine blogs I have written on this subject, and in particular from my blog # 32, published October 28, 2016, entitled “Learn more about Wine, attend a wine show”.

To get maximum value out of the wine show for yourself and your friends in attendance here are some suggestions:

  • Make a list of your objectives. If your primary objective is to find and taste new wines, write it down and plan to taste as many new wines as you can. If your objective is to learn more about wine, plan to attend one or more of the various wine lectures presented at the show. If you want to focus on French red wines, identify those wineries you are interested in from the list of exhibitors.
  • Consult the list of exhibitors and identify your top 15 choices of exhibitors you want to visit to meet your objectives.
  • Locate your favorite exhibitors on a floor plan (either before the show if possible, or at the door) so you can plan your tour in sequence.
  • Manage your time so that if you want to visit 15 booths and spend an average of 10 minutes at each, you will need at least 2 1/2 hours, so plan to be at the show for 3 hours.
  • Leave yourself ½ hour of unscheduled time for bathroom breaks, bread and cheese purchase, etc.
  • End your evening by returning to your favorite booth to use up the last of your tasting coupons, maybe purchase your favorite wine from their booth, and to tell your server you enjoyed their wines the most. This will ensure that you leave the evening on a high note.
  • And speaking of leaving the evening on a high note, be sure to act responsibly, do not drink and drive.

Enjoy the show, we hope to see you there!


Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 61, The Parker 100s, How Much Will It Cost to Buy a Robert M. Parker 100 Point Perfect Wine? September 3, 2018.

(Readers please note that this blog post was originally published on September 3, 2018, and was republished on September 13, 2018 after our site was hacked).

Robert M. Parker is well known worldwide as the premier wine taster and critic over the last 40 years (1978- 2018). His opinions moved wine markets and certainly influenced prices for individual wines. Winemakers would covet a high score from Robert Parker, and curse a low score. Over the 40 years that Robert has been active as a wine critic, he tasted and rated tens of thousands of wines and built a cult following (those who subscribed to The Wine Advocate) who based most of their buying decisions on his ratings. So much so that the “Holy Grail” in wine collecting often became the number of Robert Parker 100’s (100 point or perfect wines) that you had in your cellar. Some would call them their “Trophy Wines”.

Everyone should know that wine scores are very subjective, and often just a reflection of what that particular critic happens to like best in wine flavors. Robert Parker clearly favored over his career the California and Bordeaux regions, and many a disgruntled Bordeaux winemaker would voice an opinion that Parker was trying to influence, through his wine appraisals, Bordeaux winemakers to make their wine in an American fashion, with full throttle fruit and a ripe, ready to drink now, format. The criticism was probably well deserved as many Bordeaux producers were making bone dry closed in wines requiring 20 years or more to open up and reveal their true potential.

I remember once getting into a heated discussion with one wine collecting friend of mine who would only collect Parker 100 point perfect wines. I asked him if he would ever consider buying a Parker 99, or even, god forbid, a Parker 98. He was mortified, and gave me an emphatic ”no” response. His rational was that every wine in his cellar was a perfect “100” according to the world’s foremost wine critic, so to store anything else with such distinguished company would be sacrilege and disrespectful. No logic could dissuade him, it mattered not that a “99” was almost as good, or that Parker could change his score and appraisal in subsequent tastings. I asked him what he would do if he had a Parker “100” in his cellar that Parker downgraded to “98” a couple of years later because the wine was not aging as expected and was showing signs of weakness. He said he would have no choice but to have it removed from his cellar. What a nut this guy was, but I tell this story merely to illustrate how extreme some people became in their cult like following of Robert’s appraisal system.

So I was wondering recently just how many wines Parker rated over the years at 100 points, and what it might cost to buy one or more of those wines now. Then I stumbled across a list of those wines on and had some fun reviewing that list, looking at current prices and availability. Much to my astonishment “Parker’s 100s” comprised a list of more than 540 wines (for the detailed list see: ). This list is not current as it would appear to be up to date until about 2014, and another 20 or so wines have been added since that time.

Looking at the Wine Searcher list, you will note that 35% of those 540 wines are California wines, followed by 26% Cotes Du Rhone, and 19% Bordeaux. When you combine all the French wine regions (Rhone, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Sauterne, Champagne, Alsace, and others) Parker’s list is now 50% French, and 35% California. So it comes as a big surprise that Cote du Rhone generates more perfect wines according to Parker (135 in total) than Bordeaux (100).

Looking for the top producers of Parker’s perfect wines the clear winners are, in order:


From the Rhone:

Chapoutier                                33

Guigal                                          33

Clos St. Jean                               9

Jean Louis Chave                     8

From California:

Schrader Cellars                   15

Sine Qua Non                        14

Hundred Acre                       12

Colgin                                        12

Marcassin                                 9

Abreu                                         8

From Bordeaux:

Petrus                                        9

La Mission Haut Brion       8

From Australia:

Greenock Creek                   8

There are several surprises from this list of producers above. To me the first surprise is the total dominance of producers Chapoutier and Guigal in the Cotes du Rhone region, producing perfect wines at an astonishing rate relative to their competition in all regions. Either Robert Parker has a special thing for these two, or they are just firing on all cylinders and producing great wine. In California I am surprised that there are not more well known producers like Dominus, Opus 1, and Phelps at the top of the list, and I am also surprised to see that Schrader, the top California producer, has no more than 8% of the California total (15 of 135), meaning that California is not dominated by only one or two producers as Cotes du Rhone is. In Bordeaux it is no surprise that Petrus leads the pack, but La Mission Haut Brion in second position ahead of all the first growths is a big surprise and one worth noting. In Australia Greenock Creek with 8 perfect wines is a surprise, and so is the fact that Penfold’s Grange Hermitage does not lead the pack.

There is no shortage of trophy wines on this list of 540 or more wines. By this I mean wines that will cost you the price of a car, or an all inclusive vacation for two in the Caribbean. And you can rest assured that carrying a perfect 100 point rating from Robert Parker has no doubt added 30% or more to the price of that wine. So if a trophy wine is a must, and price is no object, then by all means go shopping through this list (follow this link for current pricing: ). Note this is not the complete list and not fully up to date, but close enough to get you going.

You can forget about the older wines, you just will not find them, but feel free to pick up the 2015 Chateau Petrus at $5,685 (CDN),

the 2015 Chateau Margaux at $2,060 (CDN),

or the 2015 Chateau Haut Brion at the bargain price of $875 (CDN)

when they hit retail shelves later this year. If not “trophy” enough for you, then migrate up the snob scale to a 1986 Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Montrachet Grand Cru at $10,625 (CDN)

or a 2005 Domaine de la Romanee-Conti Romanee-Conti Grand Cru at $33,375 (CDN).

If you prefer an expensive California trophy wine, then look no further than Screaming Eagle where you can get the 2012 Screaming Eagle Cabernet Sauvignon for $4,625 (CDN), the 2010 for $5,630 (CDN), the 2007 for $5,600 (CDN), or the 1997 for $7,900 (CDN).

Serious collectors should really consider putting away a couple of trophy wines from Cotes du Rhone producers M. Chapoutier and E. Guigal. Between them they have 33 Parker 100 perfect wines each, and no serious collection will be complete without representation from these two fine producers. From Chapoutier you should consider getting your hands on one or more bottles of the Chapoutier Ermitage Le Pavillon, Hermitage. Parker lists several vintages at 100 points, including the 2012 vintage, the 2011, the 2010, the 2009, the 2005, and the 2003. These will cost you anywhere from $350 – $550 CDN ($270 – $425 US), and they are readily available.

With E. Guigal you need to pick up his single vineyard Cote Rotie wines, he has three different wines: the La Landonne,

the La Mouline,

and the La Turque,

and between these three Cote Rotie wines they account for 28 of Parker’s 33 perfect 100 scores attributed to Guigal wines. These bottles average at about $650 CDN ($500 US) per bottle in recent vintages (2012, 2010, 2009, 2005) and they are readily available. A true collector will buy one of each of these three wines from the same vintage, which will cost you about $2,000 CDN or about $1,550 US. You can expect over the ensuing 25 years that these will at least triple in value (the 1985 threesome now is worth roughly $6,000). But don’t just buy them as trophy wines, make sure to drink a few to relish the experience of tasting perfection in a bottle.

Many of the Parker 100 fall into the price range of $300 – $1,000 (CDN), or $230 – $775 (US), so if you are comfortable with that price range your choice is extensive. You will not get first growth Bordeaux for under $1,000, but you can get many Bordeaux perfect wines for half that price, such as the following:

  • Chateau Angelus                                           2005             $700
  • Chateau Canon                                              2015             $340
  • Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou                   2009             $490
  • Chateau Haut-Bailly                                   2009              $320
  • Chateau Leoville-Las-Cases                     1986             $600
  • Chateau Pape Clement                               2010             $330
  • Chateau Pontet-Canet                                2009             $360
  • Chateau Pontet-Canet                                2010             $340
  • Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte                     2009              $370
  • Chateau Troplong Mondot                       2005              $360

There is a lot to like in these wines above, from rising stars like Chateau Angelus, Chateau Pontet-Canet, and Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte, to classic second growth superstars like Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou and Chateau Leoville-Las-Cases. I especially like the 1986 Chateau Leoville-Las-Cases because it now has 32 years of age and is fully open and at its peak, and 1986 is the only year which Parker rated the Chateau at 100 points, definitely one to secure for immediate special occasions.


However, what interested me the most when I was reviewing this list was finding the bargains. There are a total of 67 wines under $400 CDN or $300 US. There are also 9 wines priced at $200 CDN ($150 US) or less. So let’s take a look at these 9 bargains and let’s see if they are readily available or not:

  • 2009 Bodegas Emilio Moro “Malleolus de Sanchomartin” Ribero del Duero, Spain                      $190  CDN
  • 2009 Bodegas Emilio Moro “Malleolus de Valderramino” Ribero del Duero, Spain                       $160 CDN
  • 2011 Alvear Pedro Ximonez de Anada, Montilla-Mariles, Spain                                                              $185 CDN
  • 2007 Donelan Richards Family Vineyard Syrah, Sonoma Valley                                                             $187 CDN
  • 2002 Thackrey + Co. Orion Rossi Vineyard “Cal. Native Red Wine” Syrah, St. Helena                $180 CDN
  • 2009 Morlet Family Vieyards Coup de Coeur Chardonnay, Sonoma County                                   $130 CDN
  • 2012 Turley Wine Cellars Hayne Vineyards Petite Syrah, Napa Valley                                               $112 CDN
  • 2003 Kalleski Greenock Shiraz, Barossa Valley, Australia                                                                         $112 CDN
  • 2003 Mitolo G.A.M. Shiraz, McLaren Vale, Australia                                                                                     $ 82 CDN

In terms of availability, none of these is considered a recent vintage so they are not readily available. Having said that they can be found if you are determined. The Sanchomartin can be found at two UK locations, one in Europe, and three US locations (1 NY, 1 CA, 1TX). The Valderramino can be found at two UK locations, one in Europe, and three US locations (all NY). The Alvear is only a ½ bottle, and is a sherry type dessert wine and not for everyone, but can be found in one UK location, one Europe location, and one US location (OR).

As for the American wines, the Donelan can only be found in two US locations (both CA), the Thackrey can be found at four US locations only (1 NJ, 1 DC, 2 CA), the Morlet only at one US location (NJ), and the Turley wine at one UK location and only one US location (CA).




The Australian wines are not much better, the Kalleski can only be found at one location, in the US (MA), and the Mitolo at two UK locations and one US location (MA).

For details on where these wines can be purchased, go to the website and search these wines for the specific locations and prices.

If this sounds like too much effort, you are probably right, and I would then suggest you focus your efforts on a more recent vintage from a large up and coming Bordeaux producer like the 2009 Chateau Pontet-Canet. The Wine Searcher site lists no less than 41 locations where this wine can be currently purchased, including 15 in Asia (mostly Hong Kong), 11 in Europe, 6 in the UK, and 9 in the US.

Robert M. Parker was and still is an icon and the best wine critic of our generation, and has personally rated about 550 wines as perfect. Any wine that he rated at a perfect 100 points was virtually guaranteed to increase in value by 30% or more, and often immediately. The statistics indicate that even though he may have had a personal passion for rich, fruit bomb type California reds, only 35% of his 100 point wines come from California, while 50% come from France. Any serious wine collector should have at least a few of these Parker 100s in their cellar.

How many of these wines do you own? Like most of us, the answer is most likely “not enough”, so do some window shopping through the website and keep your eyes open for opportunities to add a few of these to your collection.





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 60, Bordeaux 2017 Vintage, Are Bordeaux Futures Still Relevant? August 8, 2018.

(Readers please note this blog was originally published August 8, 2018, and had to be republished again September 12, 2018 after our site had been hacked, Reg.)

Every year in April the world’s leading wine critics, tasters and buyers gather in Bordeaux and taste barrel samples of the previous year’s harvest, now safely at rest in barrels for the next 18 – 24 months. The wine world waits with baited breath for critics to release their preliminary ratings, and those tasting scores set the stage for opening prices to be established for the upcoming “En Primeur” or “Futures” offerings by the leading Négotiants or wine distributors, once the Chateaux have set their prices and allotments to those various distributors have been made.

Readers of my previous blogs will recall that I wrote all about the 2015 vintage in post # 22 June 14th, 2016, and again in post # 23 June 29th, 2016. I wrote about the 2016 vintage in post # 44 April 17th, 2017, again in post # 46 May 13th, 2017, and once more in post # 47 June 19th, 2017. The central themes throughout those five posts was great vintages, huge harvests, and crazy out of control price increases. And now for something completely different, here comes 2017, not the same at all.

The year started with a killer frost in the last week of April 2017, when for 3 straight days temperatures were below freezing, effectively killing budding grape vines on the right bank of the Gironde River. Most, in fact almost all of the famous Bordeaux chateaux escaped any damage at all. The worst affected properties were those producing table wines and situated on low lying ground, but the net effect was to reduce the overall size of the harvest by roughly 40%, a huge sudden decrease at the lower and middle quality levels of the Bordeaux wine market. Some producers lost just their 2017 harvest, some lost several hectares of vines and need to replant.

Many critics will be rating 2017 as a great year for Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and not so great for Merlot. The Merlot grapes were ready for harvest in September, when there was plenty of rain, so the Merlot grapes may be a little watery and flavors not as robust as they should be. The Cabernet Sauvignon was harvested in October under perfect weather conditions, so this again tends to favor left bank producers rather than right bank producers.

The Bordeaux wine pipeline also happens to be full, with two great and large vintages in 2015 and 2016 yet to be released. Let us not forget that prices also maxed out over those two years by a total increase of about 50% for the best wines over that 2 year period, and those prices will only start to register with the retail wine purchaser later this year when the 2015’s start hitting retail shelves. So we can expect many wine consumers will be looking elsewhere to California, Australia, Italy, Spain, Chile and Argentina for cheaper alternatives, and they will most certainly find plenty of those cheaper alternatives. Logically that means that Bordeaux prices should be coming down, and in particular the 2017 vintage should be priced cheaper than 2016. So let`s take a look at what is really happening in the world of Bordeaux 2017 “En Primeur” or “Futures” offerings.

Sales of 2017 Bordeaux Futures are down 60% from last year’s sales of the 2016 vintage. Why so much you might ask, was 2017 such a bad year? Well 2017 was not as good a year as 2015 and 2016, and many critics describe the 2017 vintage as being on par with 2014 and 2012, both respectable years but not great years. However there is also a broader trend at play in the market away from Bordeaux, and both Burgundy and Champagne have gained some of that market share from Bordeaux.

Price has a lot to do with the consumer’s decision to buy Bordeaux futures. On average, 2017 Futures are being offered at prices about 12% less than 2016. Now while that may sound attractive, you need to remember that the 2015 vintage was priced 30% higher than the 2014 vintage, and the 2016 vintage was priced another 20% higher than the 2015 vintage. So many consumers looking at buying 2017 Futures are looking at a wine quality on par with the 2014 vintage, but priced over 35% higher than the 2014. So it should come as no surprise that 6 out of 10 are passing on 2017 Futures.

However, there is much more to the story than just the price/quality disconnect. The story of 2017 to the average consumer is one of confusion. The weather was sketchy, and between the killer frost in April, and the September rains that may have diluted the Merlot grapes, the consumer knows there were at least two weather events that could seriously impact wine quality. Most people do not pay attention to detail, they only know the vintage may be inferior.

There is also confusion within the ranks of the wine critics themselves. There is no more Robert Parker to lead the buyer’s market. In his place the heir apparent was Neal Martin, but half way through the 2017 Bordeaux campaign, Neal jumped ship from The Wine Advocate and joined Antonio Galloni at Vinous. So Neal’s initial barrel sample notes were published by The Wine Advocate, and his final barrel  tasting notes were published by Vinous. Lisa Perotti-Brown took over at The Wine Advocate and she published her own 2017 Bordeaux report. In the meantime, Antonio Galloni at Vinous published his own 2017 Bordeaux report, which did not agree in content with Neal Martin’s report as to the top wines. When you also throw in James Suckling and James Molesworth (from the Wine Spectator) you now have 5 major wine critics all over the map as to which are the top wines. The end result? What else, the consumer is confused!

So what you might think, no big deal, just pick your favorite wine critic (who’s tastes most closely reflect your own) and just buy what he or she rates as their top wines. Not so fast, if you are buying your Futures as an investment, your resale value might be seriously hurt if you buy based on the wrong critic’s recommendations. More confusion. Furthermore, if you buy at the wrong price, it could take up to 10 years or longer for resale value to catch up to the inflated price you paid for your Futures, so forget about Bordeaux Futures as a good investment this year. Does this sound like the right time to be shelling out $1,000.00 per bottle for 750 ml of a 1st growth wine you will not get delivery of for the next 2 years?

And there is yet another obstacle for you, the 2017 Bordeaux Futures consumer, to overcome, and that is a choked off limited supply of the top wines. How can that be you might ask, with demand down 60% there must be plenty of the top wines available, right? Nope, sorry, the top chateaux have all been cutting back on what quantity of wine they allocate to the Futures market. For decades the standard procedure was for the chateau to allocate 90% of their production to the Futures market. This meant that the first Futures offering was always the best time to buy, when the best selection was available. Not so any more!

Latour does not offer Futures at all since 2012. Mouton Rothschild, Lafite Rothschild, and Margaux have all been cutting back,

in 2016 Haut Brion released 20% less,

Palmer has reduced their Futures offering by 50% since 2010,


Pavie and Pontet Canet have both cut back by 40%.

In addition to the cutbacks by those seven properties, let us not forget how small the production is to begin with by chateaux such as Le Pin (500 cases),

Lafleur (1,000),

Eglise Clinet (2,000),

Ausone (2,000),

Belaire Monage (2,000),

Beausejour Duffau (2,000),

and Petrus (2,500),

to name just a few. Your chances of getting any of the two or three case allotments of these wines made to the SAQ in Quebec, the LCBO in Ontario, or your local wine retailer in New York, Washington or Los Angeles are just about nil, unless you have great connections. So many of the best names and the best wines are already impossible to get either because there is inadequate supply, prices are ridiculously high, or the chateau is cutting back on distribution, in effect hoarding their wine to release later at higher prices.

Chateau Pontet-Canet is one of the largest properties in Bordeaux owning about 300 acres of land in Pauillac, with 200 acres planted, and produces about 40,000 cases of wine annually. 20,000 cases of the Grand Vin are made,

and another 20,000 cases of their second wine, Les Hauts de Pontet are made.

So if 40% of the Grand Vin is now being held back for later release (8,000 cases), then only 12,000 cases will be offered as “Futures”, and you can be sure that this will drive prices higher. It will not be long before Chateau Pontet-Canet will end up priced as a “Super Second” in the $300 – $500 per bottle range, so buy it now. You can buy the 2017 Chateau Pontet-Canet “Future” in the US at about $110.00 US, or in Canada at about $197.00 CDN, per bottle. The Wine Advocate rates the wine at 96-98 points, and James Suckling rates it at 96-97 points. It seems not so long ago that I was buying 1982 Chateau Pontet-Canet at $9.00 US per bottle retail in New York State.

Bordeaux producers need to remember that, from the consumer’s point of view, the whole point to buying Bordeaux “Futures” was to lock up your purchase early to secure a 30% discount to what the wine would retail at once it hit store shelves two years later. This was not without risk, because you had to commit to buying the wine and paying for it before it was even bottled. The “futures” program also worked well for the producer, since he had 90% of his production pre sold, and in the bank two years before releasing it. So both the producer and the distributor had your money long before you got your wine. Now today if less and less of that production is pre sold, we will end up paying more and more for the same wine, which is contrary to the original intent of the whole “Futures” program.

So if you look objectively at what is actually going on, the small estates do not generate enough production to supply demand, and anything they commit to the “Futures” market is gone instantly. This includes most of Pomerol, the St. Emilion “garage wines” and all other small producers. First growths and Super Seconds are all cutting back by up to 50% the amount of production of their “Grand Vin” that they commit to the “Futures” program. Top producers as well as all other classified growth producers in Pauillac, St. Julien, Margaux, St. Estephe, and Pessac-Leognan all have their own second wines like Les Carruades de Lafite or Pavillon Rouge de Margaux reducing further what is bottled as the “Grand Vin”.

I think that a very clear trend is emerging that consumers need to voice their objection to, and that is the danger that all classified growth chateaux will eventually have no more than 5,000 cases each committed to the “En Primeur” or “Futures” program. I also think they will eventually put in place a tied selling program, where in order to get a case of the “Grand Vin” you must also buy a case of the chateaux’s second and third wines. The Grand Vin will continue to escalate in price, beyond the reach of most consumers, to the point of becoming a luxury affordable only by the elite 1%, and this will be a pity.

This leads me to my last thought, which occurred to me when I read an article published May 14, 2018 and written by Devon Pendleton about how Chateau Margaux is now worth over $1 billion US:

Bought in 1977 for approx. $16 million, and today worth over $1 billion, phenomenal growth.

We are making vineyard owners and winemakers wealthy beyond their wildest dreams, because we the consumer continue to accept ridiculous price increases. In 1985 you could buy the famed 1982 vintage of Chateau Margaux for $40.00 US per bottle in New York City wine shops, and cheaper at under $30.00 US if you had bought it as a “Future”.

Today I can buy the 2017 Chateau Margaux as a “Future” from the SAQ in Quebec at $945.00 CDN per bottle, or $500.00 US ($655.00 CDN) at Zachys in Scarsdale NY.

So looking at the question behind this blog in the first place, “Are Bordeaux Futures Still Relevant?”, in my opinion the answer is “Yes, but only if properly priced and available in sufficient quantity”. Producers are cutting back the quantity to get a higher price on later releases, and consumers are balking with 60% saying no to the 2017 “Futures” because the prices are still too high. So there is an interesting “tug of war” battle going on right now between producers and consumers. What ever happened to that old truism “the customer is always right”? Let’s hope the consumer wins this battle before too many more Bordeaux chateau owners become billionaires.

It is a strange feeling that you get when luxury items escalate in price so much and so fast that you can no longer afford to buy them. It is also depressing to see so many wine producers becoming so wealthy in the process. I should have been a grape farmer!




Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 62 – Reg’s Wine Blog Got Hacked!

Last Saturday Reg’s Wine Blog got hacked, taken offline over the weekend and replaced with a spam website. We took immediate action to remove the spam content and restore the blog to its original form, although a couple of the blog posts (60 and 61) were not restored. I intend to have both those blog posts added back within the next few days.

Luckily there was no breach of data or data loss, it was just someone spreading spam content. This hurts me deeply because I love sharing my experience and stories about wine, and when I saw that spammers were trying to take over my content for their own benefit it was both frustrating and disappointing.

The very last thing that I would ever want is to share spam content or unwanted advertising, as you may have noticed my site does not have advertisement banners on it because I don’t believe in spamming my viewers.

To give you a preview of what is being planned for the future, I intend on re branding the site with more features and improved navigation. User experience will be improved with a modern look and feel. Security has been improved already and will be upgraded even further to ensure that this type of interruption does not happen again.

I want to apologize to my viewers for the interruption of service and I want to personally thank all of you for your support. I value your readership and intend on continuing to produce quality articles for you to enjoy.

It may interest you to know that Reg’s Wine Blog has been operating for two years already, during which time our blog has been read in 110 different countries. Our current top 4 readership base is 53% American, 10% France, 10% Brazil, and 9% Canadian. When we first started Reg’s Wine Blog two years ago our readership was about 80% Canadian. Our readership base is progressively becoming more and more international and I want to thank all of you for your interest in our content.

If you have any feedback on our content or the site, suggestions for future articles, or have any other questions or concerns, please contact me through the form on the site and we’ll be in touch.




Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 59, You Can’t Take It With You, April 6, 2018.

As far as I know, when you pass away your wine collection does not die with you. It also does not get buried with you, in fact it survives you. However, unlike jewelry or fine art, fine wine does have its own limited life span, and as its owner it is up to you to decide what to do with your wine rather than let someone else decide for you. Do you have a plan for your wine? Most people do not, and if you are an aging baby boomer now in your late 60’s or early 70’s, you need to start working on your wine collection escape plan!

Wine collectors are strange people, and they do strange things. Let’s all agree on one thing, if you are over 75 and you still have a wine cellar containing 1,000 bottles or more, then you have a few screws loose, are probably short a few marbles, and may be living in denial. If you are also still buying expensive first growth Bordeaux wines that need 20 years aging before they are suitable to drink, then you will probably have lots of people wanting you to adopt them, and add them into your will. Stop buying long term wines, drink up the cellar, and by all means think through an exit strategy while you still can.

Let me paint you a picture, you just celebrated your 70th birthday, you feel good for your age, you are retired now, living the good life, but you are beginning to slow down, you forget things from time to time, and you have no intention of taking up lawn bowling, shuffleboard, or bingo just yet.


PHOTO PROVIDED BY MD SENIOR OLYMPICS MD Senior Olympics Lawn Bowling competition at Leisure World on Sept 9 (points are awarded on how close the bowling balls come to the yellow ball)

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The kids are finally out of the house, you want to downsize by selling the house and moving into a condo, but you have 800 bottles of wine in the cellar and no idea how to deal with it. You do some quick math and figure that most of your wine is nicely aged Bordeaux, Burgundy, and California Cabs. The combined value at today’s market price is about $300 per bottle or $240,000. So you figured it would take 6 months to sell the house, and within that time you want to reduce your cellar to no more than 400 bottles. You quickly but reluctantly came to the conclusion that you cannot drink 400 bottles in 180 days, and in all good conscience you could not justify drinking $120,000 of wine at a rate of $4,200 per week. And besides, you did run this plan by your wife and she threatened to have you committed to the looney bin right now, 5 years ahead of time. So what next, eureka you need a plan, don’t you?

You now start giving the matter some serious thought, in fact you decide to be proactive and open up a really good bottle of wine to drink all by yourself while your wife is out late babysitting the grandchildren. As you sip on that wonderful bottle of 1982 Chateau Pichon Lalande, you wonder if you should save her a glass or drink it all yourself. You finally make a bold decision to drink it all yourself, in fact you were really being a coward because you knew she would give you hell for opening such an expensive bottle just for yourself. Yes that is the problem, you are not good enough to be wasting all this good wine on. Not only do you need a plan, but you need one your wife will approve, ouch!

So here are some suggestions:

  • Stop buying so much wine,
  • Make sure that any new wine you buy is for short term consumption or short term cellaring,
  • Make sure that your cellar count goes down every year and not up,
  • Estimate the number of years of remaining life you and your wife will have, and, subject to a reasonable consumption rate, determine how many bottles of fine wine (not for everyday consumption) that you need to consume per year,
  • Decide with your spouse what happens to any surplus wine, will you distribute it to the kids, brothers or sisters, and decide when it should be time to gift that,
  • Anything else that you either cannot drink, and do not want to gift to the family should be auctioned off, this should include wines that have gone up so much in value that you are not comfortable drinking them, and older wines that you just want to be rid of.
  • Consider assigning 40-50 bottles to the wake or celebration of your life after your funeral, it will be the most memorable funeral your friends and family have ever attended, and something they will always remember about you.

Now let’s discuss the above points in a little more detail. Stop buying any more wine for long term cellaring. I know it is hard for the collector in you to let go, but you must. You need to apply the same enthusiasm you used to fill your wine cellar in the first place, in reverse, in order to progressively empty it. If you have a hard time letting go, see a therapist, seek treatment, worst case scenario consider hosting wine tastings for your friends monthly in the cellar. Call it “The Old Buzzards Therapy Group”. My guess is that after 6 months of that, one of two things will happen: either your wife will shut it down, or you will have been successful at demolishing at least 30 bottles of fine wine and the thought of all that money being poured down your friends’ throats will break the spell and bring you back to reality.

You are crazy if you buy at 75 years of age any wine that requires any more than 5 years of aging before reaching a peak of maturity. That means no more tannic vintages, no more wines that close up for 20 years until they reach full maturity. You want full bodied, fruit bombs that are fabulous to drink RIGHT NOW, because right now is all you can count on.

If you have 800 bottles in the cellar on your 70th birthday and you want to use it all up within 20 years, simple math dictates your cellar count must reduce by 40 bottles per year. So on your 71st birthday if you have more than 760 bottles in the cellar then you need to open the excess to celebrate your birthday, it’s that simple, and you have to discipline yourself accordingly.


Barcelona Girona Wine & Food Lifestyle Street Photography

Estimating the number of years you and your spouse have remaining in your lives in order to calculate how many bottles of fine wine to consume per year is a tricky thing to do, and a tricky subject to discuss with your spouse. This is also not a straight line calculation because so much depends on your fading health. Almost everything can upset your consumption schedule, high blood pressure, gout, diabetes, antibiotics and other prescription drugs, etc. So your plan needs to be flexible. Remember that in the previous paragraph if you need to reduce by 40 bottles per year that is at least one fine wine three weeks out of four, and if health issues are going to slow you down, then you need to drink more than 40 in the first few years to get ahead of schedule.

Now to the toughest reality you will have to face, who gets your wine? What a dilemma, yes you may be best to just let your spouse decide after you are gone, but I bet you will roll over in your grave at the thought of her uncorking several bottles of your best wine for her book club.

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Gifting some to the kids is always an option, just don’t expect them to all become wine connoisseurs, to have wine cellars or coolers, or to fully appreciate those rare gems you have bestowed upon them. And what about your brothers, sisters, or god forbid, the in-laws? You cringe in pain at the thought of brother Fred getting your bottle of 1989 Chateau Haut Brion rated 100 points by every wine critic on the planet when all he knows is cheap white wine from a box.

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So consider auctioning off the best wines that are worth too much to justify opening without your knowledgeable presence. That bottle of Domaine Leroy Richebourg 2009 worth $8,200 or your bottle of Chateau Lafite 1982 worth $5,200 are just too expensive to allow them to be devoured by your wife’s book club,or by brother Bob’s bingo buddies. Any serious collector knows exactly what I am talking about here, you would have at least a dozen of your favorites that fall into this category.

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Auction it, and convert that $60,000 worth of wine into about $45,000 in cash, and either deposit it to your wife’s account (this will get her off your case and get you some peace of mind as you drink your way through the rest of your cellar), or gift it to the grandkid’s education fund.

Now let’s discuss my best suggestion, having one blowout of a wake to celebrate your life after your passing with 40 -50 bottles of your best remaining wines. Make sure nobody advertises the plan, that way you can be sure that only family and real friends are at the wake. You can be sure that everyone there will remember your wake for the rest of their lives, and that will help keep them smiling whenever they think of you, and that is one hell of a way to be remembered.

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For those of you who are philanthropists, or have a large estate in need of tax deductions, the estate can always hire an auctioneer to conduct a charity auction where the auction proceeds are donated to the charity of your choice, and your estate will benefit from the charitable donation tax deductions. Another great way to be remembered, and for your wine collection to do some good for the charity of your choice.

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So it is time to give it some thought, since after all, you cannot take it with you, so you may as well get the best bang for that wine buck, or drink it all up. Oh, is that your son-in-law asking all those questions about your health, how nice of him to suddenly become so concerned, or …..




Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 58, How Much Wine is Good for You, March 16, 2018.

In my previous blog Post # 57, published March 1st, I talked about warning labels on alcohol. Specifically I talked about how the Yukon Liquor Corporation embarked on a warning label program last November and promptly suspended it one month later. You may recall they were using two warning labels, one saying “Alcohol can cause breast, colon, and other cancers”, and the other saying “To reduce health risks, drink no more than 2 (for a woman) or 3 (for a man) standard drinks a day. Plan two or more non-drinking days each week”. So you cannot be blamed for wondering if wine or alcohol is good for you at all, and if so in how much quantity, and why it is good for you. Let’s take a look at some of the latest thinking on this subject.

A recently published article (February 2, 2018) written by Iben Lundgaard et al, entitled ”Beneficial effects of low alcohol exposure, but adverse effects of high alcohol intake on glymphatic function” was published in Scientific Reports under Read the full article by accessing the following link:

However, unless you are a scientist, you will find the technical aspects of this published research a little intimidating. In simple layman’s terms, researchers tested the effects of low and medium levels of alcohol on mice to assess the impact on the performance of their glymphatic systems. So what is a glymphatic system you might ask? Glymphatic function is a brain-wide metabolite clearance system connected to the peripheral lymphatic system.

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Your glymphatic system allows your brain to protect itself from the buildup of various toxins in the brain, flushing them out through your blood stream for disposal via your liver.

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This is how the brain cleans house or purges itself, thereby disposing of dead brain cells, stress related proteins and chemicals, etc. The glymphatic system is more active during sleep.

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Mice were administered both low levels of alcohol (equivalent to 2-3 drinks for an adult human), and higher levels of alcohol (equivalent to 7-8 drinks for an adult human), after which brain activity was closely monitored during the ensuing sleep period. Results indicated that low levels of alcohol (equivalent to 2-3 drinks for an adult human) activated the glymphatic system in mice better than higher levels of alcohol, and more importantly, better than no alcohol at all.

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Another recent article written by Michael Schwarzinger et al and published February 20, 2018 in the Lancet Public Health, was entitled “Contribution of alcohol use disorders to the burden of dementia in France 2008-13: a national retrospective cohort study” and focused on the very strong correlation between alcohol use disorders and early onset dementia. Read the full article by accessing the link below:

The study reviewed adult hospital discharges in France from 2008 to 2013, numbering roughly 31.6 million people, and found that 1.1 million or roughly 3.5% of those hospital discharges were suffering from dementia. Within that 1.1 million group suffering from dementia, 57,350 or roughly 5.2% suffered from early onset dementia (below age 65). Of those 57,350 people suffering from early onset dementia, 32,460 or roughly 56.6% also suffered from alcohol use disorders. So the study suggests that there is a fairly high correlation between alcohol abuse and early onset dementia.

If you look into Alzheimer’s disease you quickly learn that the disease stems from amyloid plaques that build up in the brain, and these sticky plaques eventually start killing off healthy brain cells.

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Amyloid plaques are basically protein debris left in the brain and not properly flushed out by the glymphatic system.

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If you google Alzheimer’s disease and amyloid plaques you will stumble across a summary of “How to Prevent Alzheimer’s disease”, and the answer may now seem to make more sense than ever:

How to Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease:

  • Exercise
  • Eat a Mediterranean diet
  • Get enough sleep
  • Learn new things
  • Connect socially
  • Drink responsibly

Exercise is necessary to keep the body functional and in prime operating condition, to keep the heart pumping, the blood flowing, and the circulation capable of removing and flushing toxins from the brain and body. Eating a Mediterranean diet means fueling your body with the right fuel to allow it access to all the right minerals, vitamins and nutrients it needs to operate at peak performance for the foreseeable future.

Learning new things and connecting socially means engaging the brain, along the lines of “use it or lose it”, and this results in more use of and exercise of existing brain cells. Getting enough sleep now means that you will be giving your glymphatic system the time it needs to properly flush the toxins and debris (dead cells and proteins) from your brain. Drinking responsibly means that you will have sufficient alcohol in your system to relax, unwind, destress, as well as being able to stimulate your glymphatic system so that it operates more effectively when you next sleep.

I find it fascinating how ongoing medical research is just now beginning to understand the interconnectivity between diet, exercise, sleep, learning, social interaction, and alcohol, and it’s combined importance to the survival and thriving of mankind and the human body. I also am intrigued by the presence of alcohol in that health equation.

Alcohol use would appear to perform some important and useful roles in the human health equation. Red wine has been made and consumed for thousands of years, and is an important and rich source of polyphenols like resveratrol that are good for your microbiome. Taken responsibly, wine and alcohol will also help you relax, unwind and destress after a difficult day, and may even help you in connecting socially. Now we know that alcohol taken in the right quantity will also stimulate and activate your glymphatic system to maintain and improve brain health. This may become even more important if you happen to be one of those many people who do not get enough sleep, since your glymphatic system is primarily active when you sleep.

The remaining question is finding that “goldilocks zone” of maximum benefit and minimum damage to your health, in other words: How Much Wine is Good for You? The Lundgaard article discussed above suggests 2-3 drinks per day is the sweet spot, and it is no coincidence that this is why the Yukon Liquor Corporation and many other countries have adopted that guideline as the standard safe consumption limit. However, keep in mind that a general guideline is an average based on a population as a whole. Your safe limit will not be the same as mine because we are different people with different metabolisms, different health, lifestyles, diet, living and working conditions. If I am fit, eat properly, get lots of sleep, and am socially engaged, my safe alcohol consumption limit should be higher than yours, especially if you are overweight, eat all the wrong foods, are highly stressed in your working career, never get enough sleep and rarely have the time to be socially active.

So the message to me is quite clear, and you do not need years of research studies to prove this any further. Either you reduce your alcohol consumption to the recommended safe consumption level of 2-3 drinks per day, or get up off the couch, exercise, eat properly, get more sleep, get more socially active, and find activities that will stimulate your brain. This way you might be able to raise your own personal safe consumption limit to 4-5 drinks per day (but not every day).

Couch potatoes take note:

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your sedentary lifestyle reduces the amount of alcohol you can safely consume. If that is not a good enough incentive to change, then I don’t know what to do with you!





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 57, Warning Labels on Alcohol, March 1, 2018

In November 2017 the Yukon Liquor Corporation (the Yukon being a territory of Canada) began slapping warning labels on wines and spirits in their Whitehorse liquor stores. One warning label stated that “Alcohol can cause breast, colon, and other cancers”, while another says “To reduce health risks, drink no more than 2 (for a woman) or 3 (for a man) standard drinks a day. Plan two or more non-drinking days each week”. This caused quite a predictable negative reaction from alcohol producer groups such as The Beer Canada Trade Group, the Canadian Vintners Association, and Spirits Canada. Within a month the labels were gone and the experiment was put on hold, back to the drawing board for further study.

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When I looked further into the news reports on this event I learned that this program was federally financed by our tax dollars, and led by the director of the University of Victoria’s Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (not substance abuse, but rather substance use), and a scientist from Public Health Ontario. The scientist admitted she had four years of her time invested in this project. What baffles me the most is the scary thought that an academic and a scientist hatched this plan over a four year period, spending taxpayer’s money, and embarked on a labeling program without consulting either producers or end users sufficiently (some local consultation was done).

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There are clearly some major flaws in the pilot project. Let’s take a look at some of them:

  • Alcohol itself does not cause cancer. Alcohol abuse by individuals over prolonged periods of time may contribute to cancer, but is more than likely not the only causal agent at work. Typically diet and stress also play major roles.
  • Different people have different metabolisms and varying tolerance levels to a wide range of ingested substances ranging from alcohol, tobacco, opioids, etc. to food, non-alcoholic drinks, sunlight, air pollution, etc. So what your metabolism is perfectly capable of handling without any apparent effect may in fact be highly toxic to someone else.
  • To suggest that anything more than 2 drinks per day for women and 3 drinks per day for men is putting your health at risk, is to imply that if you exceed those limits then you are being reckless and irresponsible. This also would put you into the category of “binge drinker”. This means that the last dinner party my wife and I attended consisted of 8 binge drinkers, because everyone in attendance consumed more than either 2 or 3 drinks over the course of the evening. That also means that just about every family dinner at my place celebrating Christmas, Easter, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, birthdays and anniversaries is just an excuse for binge drinking! Ouch, Houston I think we have a problem here. Don’t you just hate it when social and health standards are being set by academics and scientists, not only do they seem unrealistic, but there is no creativity to be found in the delivery of their message.
  • These guidelines want you to “plan two non-drinking days each week”. No mention as to whether these should be consecutive days, and why only two? Seems to me that it would be more sensible to plan as many as possible, but the language on the label should read “two or more” days per week, don’t you think?

So I did some further research, figuring that other jurisdictions must have already dealt with or taken a policy position on warning labels on alcohol bottles. The findings were quite interesting:

  • Only 37 of 195 countries in the world have warning labels on alcohol bottles, and that is less than 20%.
  • The majority of those 37 countries warn that alcohol may be harmful to your health, and is not to be consumed by minors or pregnant women.
  • None of those 37 countries state on warning labels that alcohol can cause cancer, much less breast and colon cancer. Some do mention that excessive alcohol consumption may cause cirrhosis of the liver, which itself is not a cancer.
  • None of those 37 countries are warning/suggesting on labels that consumers limit their alcohol intake to no more than 2 (for a woman) or 3 (for a man) standard drinks per day, and nobody is recommending that you plan two non-drinking days per week. So our Canadian scientist/academic team are in fact leading the international community in a worldwide first.

Some of the more humorous warning labels to be found include the following:

In Mauritius:

“Excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks causes serious health, social and domestic problems”

In South Africa:

“Alcohol increases your risk to personal injury”

“Alcohol is a major cause of violence and crime”

“Don’t drink and walk on the road, you may be killed”

In Turkey:

“Alcohol is not your friend”

In Thailand:

“Liquor drinking may cause cirrhosis and sexual impotency”

“Liquor drinking may cause less consciousness and death”

“Liquor drinking is dangerous to health and causes less consciousness”

“Liquor drinking is harmful to you and destroys your family”

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I also looked further in other provinces of Canada specifically to find out if anyone else was doing something different, and I stumbled across Quebec’s “Éduc’alcool” (which translates to mean alcohol education) program. Quebec runs ongoing media advertising, including a TV commercial, where two animated bears (husband and wife) emerge from a brain fog (or hibernation) and start touting the benefits of responsible drinking, with the two (for her) and three (for him) drink limits, including enhanced performance in the bedroom. Well that message hit home, sober sex is better sex, and more alcohol free days leads to more sex, now that makes sense I thought, this kind of advertising just may get the public’s attention, certainly the men.

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As I browsed through their website, I came upon their official policy position on warning labels on alcohol bottles where they have raised several good points such as:

  • Warning labels cause stress and anxiety, and may cause a moral panic in society.
  • Warning labels are not effective in changing behaviors or reducing the amount that people drink.
  • Warning labels are completely ineffective in reaching the heaviest drinkers, i.e. the primary target group.
  • Warning labels give regulators a false sense of security in thinking that they actually did something about the issue.
  • Warning labels are more beneficial to alcohol producers as a disclaimer to protect themselves against litigation.

We live in a modern society that is full of negative advertising, negative news, and negative messages of doom and gloom. It often seems that everything you do, think, eat, or drink, is harmful to you and those around you, so it is no wonder that warning labels on alcohol will not change human behavior because people have been conditioned to turn off or filter out negative messages. People drink for all kinds of reasons – to party, relax, unwind, destress, escape, forget, fall asleep, dull the pain, so with such a variety of incentives the only way regulators can compete for your attention is through positive incentives and messages. That is why I think that Éduc’alcool is bang on with such a positive and attention getting advertising message, implying that less intoxication leads to more and better sex. That may be hitting below the belt (ha,ha!), but their program is guaranteed to catch most men’s attention.

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I think it is time for some positive labeling on alcohol bottles rather than negative warning labels, so I am all in favour of labels such as:

  • “Sober sex is better sex”
  • “Less alcohol leads to more sex”
  • “Need to relax, unwind, destress? Get a massage!”

Anyways, let us hope that the funding for the Canadian academic/scientist team dries up, and that we put an end to warning labels and scare tactics as a way of trying to modify or change human behavior. Positive reinforcement is far more effective, good job Éduc’alcool!



Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 56, Christmas Dinner Wine Etiquette for the Host– February 6, 2018.

Ah, Christmas Dinner, a family tradition, what a marvelous time. In this blog post I offer some advice to those of you hosting a large dinner of 20+ people, based on my over 30 years of hosting that magical family event. Magical though it may be, as host and cellar master, in this blog I offer you some basic advice on how to survive the event relatively unscathed. Before we get started, let me preface my remarks with a basic disclaimer: the events outlined below represent a collective wisdom, and have not necessarily all transpired in our household. So is this fact or fiction? Maybe a little of both.

  • Protect the Cellar – As host of the Christmas Dinner for a large family with several adult children of legal drinking age in attendance, your number one priority will be to protect the wine cellar from plunder and pillage. Under no circumstances should you allow anyone other than yourself to have access to the cellar. If you do not have an alarm system and/or lock on your cellar door, then get one installed.
  • Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-8Avoid offering cellar tours, especially after the first couple of glasses of wine have been consumed – nothing good comes from those tours, and if you are unlucky you could get a broken bottle,
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  • or a family member goading you into serving up a bottle of the best. Bad mistake, because one bottle leads to another 2-3, which you cannot control without embarrassing someone, so avoid serving up the best, and make sure what you serve is pre planned, out of the cellar decanting, or in the fridge chilling.
  • Guess who is coming to dinner – the next order of business will be establishing how many will be attending, let the circus begin! This number is never precise, and will usually not be known, even at the last minute. There are several issues that create the confusion, such as:
  1. Bad weather – let it snow, and snow, and snow some more.
  2. Relatives who do not speak to each other – if Uncle Bob is coming I’m not, he is so embarrassing when he parties, but if he is not coming I’m bringing my boyfriend and my best girlfriend. Okay then, Bob it is!
  3. Bringing friends to a large family dinner is always testy – half the time they are no-shows because they got a better offer, or their own loved ones with whom they were fighting, caved in after all and invited them at the last minute.
  4. No dogs please – believe it not, everyone wants to bring their dog. The usual excuse is that the dog cannot stay alone at home longer than 6 – 8 hours. Well isn’t that just perfect, tell them you will be sure to have them on their way in 6 hours or less. Even then, half the time they cancel at the last minute because they feel sorry for the dog, or they do something stupid like bring the dog anyways – big mistake. Try keeping their dog in your garage for 5 hours, it never works.
  5. Flu and cold season – to stay at home or to haul your sorry carcass to dinner and infect everyone, your choice but everyone else wishes it was not. If it were up to them they would have someone drop off a doggy bag of leftovers at your front door. Do not expect advance notice of this cancellation, you may only get the apology call the next day.

So what you say, well are we serving dinner for 15 or 25, it kind of makes a difference. For starters you need a bigger turkey, a bigger or a second dining room table, and more chairs. And then what about the wine?

  • Dinner table logistics – most homes are not equipped for dinner tables that seat 20+ people. So squeezing in a 2nd table plus another dozen chairs becomes a bit of a joke, especially if you set up for 20 and only 15 show, but even worse if you set up for 20 and 25 show. Finding chairs is even more of a joke as every seating device in the house gets pressed into service, ranging from bar stools, footstools, folding chairs, dusty old travel trunks, and some relic you use in the workshop to get to the top storage shelves in the basement.
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  • Then you throw oversized tablecloths on the tables hoping to hide as much as possible. Now for the wineglasses, you will never have enough (glasses always break during the year), and they will not match, they will be of all shapes and sizes. Nothing like using a champagne flute for that red Bordeaux! Best of all logistics problems is what to do with the grandchildren, you know who I mean, those little ones 5 years or younger. Of course they want to be part of the family dinner too, so do you bring a high chair to the already overcrowded table, or just let them sit on their parent’s lap. Most end up on their parent’s lap, so here is what you need to do – make sure everyone within two seats of the kids wears a bib or splash guard, use a purple or red tablecloth (nothing stains worse than cranberry sauce on a white tablecloth), and make sure the parent holding the kid gets cheap wine in a plastic wineglass, because that glass is going to spill!
  • Wine logistics – as host be prepared to supply up to 75% of the wine, so you need to have pre dinner wines, both red and white, dinner wines, both red and white, and a dessert wine or port. At large family dinners such as this, it is customary for everyone to bring a bottle of wine or two, and that always leads to some ridiculous moments which you, the wine host, must manage very carefully, here are just a few:
  1. Guest brings bottle of plonk – if this is one of your kids, send them out or home to bring a better bottle, after all, if you have brought them up right, they should know better. If a guest then you must be more diplomatic, open the wine right away and serve them a glass immediately, a real rim rocker, and try to get rid of that bottle as quick as possible. This does not always work, often your guest will turn up their nose at the plonk they brought and ask you for something better, are we having fun yet?
  2. Family cheapskates bring one bottle for four people – this is really not as bad a problem as you might think. You know what to expect, because they are cheap every year, and you know that if they are coming they will drink their one bottle and 4 of your bottles. So your choice is obvious, always have 4 bottles of cheap house wine standing by, or this is your perfect opportunity to get rid of all the plonk your guests brought. As wine host this is your job to manage properly, so stay alert and get rid of that plonk.
  3. Wineglass shortage – if you have 20 or more for dinner everyone will have to stick with their own wineglass for the entire evening. This is a pain because there are always “snack slobs” who get the hors d’oeuvres smudged all over their fingers and their wine glass, so it needs to be washed. You also need to watch out for the “wine glass bandit”, the guy who puts his glass down somewhere, wanders off, then forgets where he left his wine, so he goes to the kitchen to get another. This guy is a real pain because he can make you short of 4-5 wine glasses before you know it, you have to find his abandoned glasses (check the bathroom, beside the sofa, the door to the wine cellar, etc.) and you have to wash them for your other guests, usually right away. This guy is a pest, he needs to be watched, and he wastes a lot of wine, so make sure he gets the plonk.
  4. Hoarding the good stuff – a good host will have an organized bar, and that can mean having a plan for the order in which you are serving the various wines brought to dinner. We have already established that the plonk goes first, then your cheap house wines, keep the good stuff for dinner. Now here is where some advance planning is necessary, you need to have an organized seating arrangement approved by your spouse (so he or she does not upset your plans for hoarding the best dinner wines). Try to get the younger crowd at one end of the table (or better still on a completely separate table, that worked well for us once or twice), and put the old timers together at your end of the table. Old timers generally bring better wines, they have been to a few rodeos before and know the routine. Make sure the kids have all the cheapest stuff, and that it is all parked on the table in front of them, lots of choice means they are less likely to look towards your end of the table to see what you are drinking. Meanwhile, at your end have no more than 2 bottles on the table, one white and one red, hold everything else out of sight. This plan will not work forever, eventually the kids catch on and then you are done.
  5. The pre drink, when does the host start up – as host this is your decision, subject of course to spousal approval. If you do most of the work (and managing the wine consumption can be a big job), then you should be entitled to a late morning or early afternoon tune up as you get ready to host the event. After all, you do not need to drive, and if you know your crowd and there will be no plonk to manage, and no wine glass bandit to supervise, no wine glass shortage and simple seating logistics, and no hoarding of the good stuff required, then go right ahead. Relax and enjoy the afternoon and take the edge off with a glass or two. However, be advised that this may backfire on you. You may get too relaxed, forget to lock that wine cellar door, be unaware as plonk gets by you unnoticed, and while you are washing dirty wine glasses casually left all over the house by a “wine glass bandit”, guided tours of your cellar are underway and a six pack of good stuff is being uncorked and decanted by a well intentioned, and not so close relative, who figures the host won’t mind. Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-9No worries though, this is your choice, so you make the call, just remember to get spousal approval.
  6. The Cleanup – not much chance of avoiding this one, this is your baby. Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-3My best recommendation is to recruit a couple of old timers to clean up the kitchen and dishes while you work on the dining room, getting rid of the extra table and chairs, etc. You recruit your old timers by telling them you have a special bottle of port to share with those who help with the cleanup. That always gets results, and you were going to give them a glass anyways. Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-2But now you have the added benefit of being able to hoard it between the 3 or 4 of you in the kitchen, which means more for you guys. While you clean out the dining room, you get to review what, if anything, is left of your best wines, and recork the excess for tomorrow. There will usually be 4-5 half empty bottles left on the kid’s table. With a plastic funnel pour them into the best bottle(s) of the bunch. These go back to the bar area for round 2 for the kids, and don’t worry about blending different bottles, the kids will not be able to tell the difference any more, and if they do and they don’t like it, then they will likely leave earlier, and that works too.
  7. The Damage – this gets realized the next morning, when you tally up how many bottles the house went down, how many wine glasses didn’t make it, and whether or not any of your best china dishes got broken. Red wine stains, where to put away all the special Christmas dishes (don’t try to figure this one out, I never could), leftovers everywhere.Reg's Wine Blog - photo 56-1 Hopefully nobody broke a dining room chair or put holes in the gyprock walls. A Dinner for 20 will often require between 20 – 24 bottles of wine, with half coming from your guests. Of the 12 bottles that you supply, only 3 should be good bottles (dinner red and white for the old timers, and after dinner port). Your other 9 bottles should be house wine, or of house wine quality. Your 3 good wines may cost you $100 total, your nine house wines will run you about $15 each or $135 total. Your total wine bill will run about $225 – $250. This of course is just the wine bill.
  8. Passing the Torch – after hosting this event for 5 consecutive years or more, you become the host of choice, this becomes your event, your cross to bear. Words like “but we always have Christmas Dinner at your house, its a family tradition” are hard to get out from under. I have tried everything to move this tradition onto someone else, and nothing seems to work. I tried serving all plonk wines, I tried keeping the house too hot, then too cold. I tried running out of everything, not enough chairs, no gluten free turkey, nothing works!


So kids take note, when it becomes your time to host Christmas dinner for 20, I hope to be there as an invited guest. I will bring a bottle of plonk, I will ask for a glass of wine from your good stuff, not what I brought, and I will expect an above average dinner wine and a seat at the old timers table. Please make sure that the after dinner wine is a properly aged vintage port, and that you host the dinner before my 80th birthday.





Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 55, Some Holiday Tasting Notes, January 24, 2018.

Holidays at my place are usually social gatherings with families and friends, and often provide ideal occasions to break open a special bottle. At my place, you have to pick and choose your time to open a special bottle because there is often too many people to share the bottle with. Let’s face it, a special bottle worth north of $200 does not go very far with 10 people or more. Two ounces is just enough to get a good taste, and that’s it. In fact, inhaling too hard could leave you with nothing but fumes in the glass, gone before you realize what happened!

So finding the right time, the right number of people, the right this and the right that … is just not that easy. Then you have to have the right wine for the occasion, be that red or white, young or old, sweet or dry. Every year I try to come up with two or three tasting experiences that went well enough to write about. This year I have 4 such experiences to share with you as follows:

  • 1990 Zind Humbrecht Herrenweg Turckheim Riesling Vendange Tardive – tasted December 10, 2017. Rieslings made from their Herrenweg Turckheim vineyard are excellent when young, so I was a little surprised that at 27 years of age this wine was fabulous, still tasting young and vibrant.

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Orange marmalade on the nose and palate, with lots of caramel, lemon/lime spritzer, and juicy ripe melons. Round, full and chewy on the palate, not weak and not acidic. Just full of life, no rough edges, no sign of any fading. This was an excellent, fully mature late harvest Riesling showing no signs of fatigue or decay. I would rate this wine at 93 points and give it easily another 10 – 15 years of life ahead of it. If you have a bottle of this beauty in your cellar and you are in no hurry to drink it, you can safely sit on it until 2020 and try it on its 30th birthday! We tasted this wine while we decorated our Christmas tree, a fine choice for a suitable family occasion.

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  • 1987 Robert Mondavi Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve – tasted December 16, 2017. This is my daughter’s birth year wine, and since her birthday had happened three weeks earlier without much celebration, six of us decided to try a bottle as we had some concerns the wine may be over the hill and in decline.

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This is still a very good California Cabernet Sauvignon, the cork was nice and moist, with lots of cherries, cedar, and light oak on the nose. On the palate the wine was soft and delicate, tasting of smooth dark chocolate leading to a minty, mineral, tangy finish and aftertaste. Once upon a time Robert Parker had rated this wine at 97 points in 1994, and today gives this wine a combined current rating of 92 points, which I agree with. Recent tasting notes still rate the wine highly, but fully mature and ready to drink now. There is no doubt that the wine is fully mature, and will only decline from here, but the real question is when. This wine could remain in its current state for another 5-10 years, but a good rule to follow if you have more than one bottle of this wine in your cellar would be to try this wine annually from here on. A great reason to try more frequently!

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  • 2015 Caves de Ribeauville Pinot Gris Vendanges Manuelles – tasted December 29, 2017. I suggested this wine in my blog post # 52 circulated on December 8, 2017. This wine is available at the SAQ in Quebec at $20.30 per bottle, product # 11601670. Just to show you that I do drink wines that I recommend, and that not all my wine suggestions are exotic or pricey, I did try a bottle of this over the holidays.

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This is a lovely Pinot Gris from Alsace, not sweet, not pricey, and not overly complicated. The wine was medium sweet with smoky aromas, dried fruit, fresh apricot and peaches, leading to a spicy finish. The smoke and spice in the wine offset most of the sweetness in the wine itself, leaving you with the overall impression that the wine is only just a little sweet. An Alsace Pinot Gris wine is usually very satisfying to drink because any residual sweetness in the wine is offset by the smoke and spice from the Pinot Gris grape, and this wine does just that. The wine is very nicely balanced, and drinks very well right now for a recent vintage. My impression of this wine is that you get great value for the price, and you can drink it right away. So if you want to buy any of the wines from this post, this would be the one to get.

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  • 1985 Moulin Touchais – tasted December 31, 2017. If you want to know more about Moulin Touchais wines, I urge you to read my earlier blog post # 14, dated April 19, 2016. In that post I cover a lot about the winery, their owners, their production method, why the wine is so incredibly balanced, and how long lived the wines from good vintages can be. There is no doubt that 1985 was a great year for Moulin Touchais, and my post # 14 gives detail of my tasting notes of the 1985 vintage from a tasting previously conducted in November 2013.

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So after 4 years I figured it was time to try the wine again. The wine is a dark golden color, with huge viscosity illustrated by the long legs or tears that flow ever so slowly down the inside of the glass. Aromas of orange marmalade, apricots, caramel, and spices tease your senses and promise more to come on the palate. Once in your mouth you are immediately aware of the sweetness, yet perfectly balanced with an acidity that leaves you refreshed rather than overwhelmed. On the palate you get the same principal taste sensations of orange marmalade, apricots, caramel and spices, but you also get a light smoky taste, and the spices warm your throat. The freshness and purity on the palate is very uplifting, and the spices finish with a tangy aftertaste to them. This wine is well built, well structured, and perfectly balanced. The longer you dwell on this wine by revisiting the aromas with another swirl of the glass, and another taste, the more impressed you get with the wine’s depth, the wine’s power, finesse, and complexity. The taste experience is beguiling, makes you feel as if you are being seduced – yes, that good!

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Comparing my tasting notes from 2013 the only difference that stands out is that the 2013 bottle showed more aromas of orange peels verses the orange marmalade in 2017. This makes sense, the wine is evolving, and the orange aromas are becoming more complex and more integrated into the overall expression on both the nose and palate. There is so much going on in this wine, it really does command your attention. In 2013 I rated this wine at 93 points, today I give it 95 points, and it should continue to improve for the next 5 years. As it improves with more age, different aromas and tastes will emerge and gain prevalence, making it worth the wait.

It is no accident that I tasted this wine on New Year’s Eve, my wife and I spent a nice quiet evening together at home. Another wise choice as there was lots more wine to go around between just the two of us. I recorked the empty bottle and when I uncork it again (as I have a few times since then), the few drops left in the bottle continue to dazzle the senses, reminding me of that great tasting experience.


So these were my tastings of note over the holidays. As you can see, what to taste, when to taste, and in the presence of who’s company, are all important components that go into the overall success of the tasting experience. You can also see the importance of having good cellar storage conditions so that you can count on that older bottle being in pristine condition. I was concerned about the Mondavi Cabernet Sauvignon before opening it, but not once it was open. I had expected the 1990 Zind Humbrecht to be drying out and losing some fruit, same as I had expected to see the 1985 Moulin Touchais losing momentum, but both were in great shape, and the Moulin Touchais is actually still continuing to improve with age, even at 32 years of age.

Wine tasting can be such good entertainment and so conducive to enhanced and enriched social interaction, in short – good times. So keep buying those bottles, store them properly, and know when to bring them out and enjoy.

Cheers, and here’s to a Happy New Year!


Reg’s Wine Blog – Post # 54, Regenerative Grape Growers and Wine Producers, December 21, 2017

Do you know what a “regenerative farmer” or a ‘regenerative wine producer” is? Think in terms of an organic producer or farmer on steroids. The intent is to put carbon back into depleted soils and in so doing bring them back to life, to levels of health not seen in many, many decades. Healthy soils produce healthy crops, require little if any fertilization, support a healthy community of bacteria, and retain water, requiring little if any irrigation. As far as grape growing and wine making is concerned, healthier soil yields stronger, healthier grape vines that produce higher quality grapes, increased yield, and perhaps most important of all, grapes that express the “terroir” of the land much more than normal. Winemakers pride themselves on how expressive their wines are of the soil, the mineral content, and its various other components. Healthy soil allows all of that to happen.

“So what?” you might ask, “Why should this concern me”? Good question, this blog will outline some of the reasons why you should be concerned, and will highlight some of the wineries who are doing something about it, with good results.

I am going to assume that pretty much everyone in the modern, well informed world (with the possible exception of Donald Trump), are convinced that global warming has caused extreme climate change. California wildfires consume huge tracks of parched dry land (destroying several vineyards and coating several more with a black soot rendering this year’s crop useless), a killer frost in Bordeaux at the end of April 2017 destroys many grape vines, monster hurricanes lay waste to much of the Caribbean and ravage US coastal regions, and all the while average temperatures around the world continue to climb.

Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continues to increase, while desertification continues to grow as more and more soil converts into worthless dirt, and all of the nutrients are leached out of it. As more and more arable farmland weakens in nutrients and good bacteria, more and more fertilizer is required to grow produce in that increasingly nutrient deficient soil.

This past October, I attended the Living Soils Symposium Montreal, a 3- day conference which discussed regenerative agriculture and its potential to sequester atmospheric carbon while simultaneously restoring our fresh water reserves, preventing desertification and restoring the nutrient density in our food. The event was a huge success, and highly informative. This event spawned the creation of Regeneration Canada, a non-profit organization dedicated to building a national movement aimed at teaching farmers, food manufacturers, governments, and others how to rejuvenate and restore depleted soils by absorbing the excess carbon dioxide from our atmosphere back into our soils, through simple basic farming practices. This process will reverse the harmful effects of climate change and restore badly depleted farmlands to their natural healthy state. So this sounds like a great plan of action to me, but how does this tie into this wine blog about regenerative wine producers?

After some research I found 5 wineries engaged in either regenerative wine production or very sustainable practices. Two of them are local Canadian wineries in the Niagara region, RedStone Winery and Southbrook Vineyards. Chateau Maris is located in the Minervois district of the Languedoc in southern France, while Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte is found in the Pessac-Leognan region of Bordeaux. But by far the largest, and most recognized for their sustainability efforts, in this group is Fetzer, in California.

RedStone Winery – Redstone is a certified Biodynamic farm, which is a way of farming that treats the soil as a living organism and works to bring balance to the ecosystem. Biodynamic standards are similar to organic in that they prevent the use of artificial chemicals yet they differ in that they treat the crops, animals and soil as a single system. One concept of ‘regenerative’ or biodynamic farming is holistic grazing, and RedStone winery incorporates livestock into their agricultural system; their chickens feed on bugs, their sheep eat the lower vine leaves to expose the grapes to the ripening sun and they use horses instead of tractors whenever possible to help avoid soil compaction. In doing this, RedStone farms is improving the quality of its soils while simultaneously enhancing beneficial microorganisms and sequestering carbon.

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Southbrook Vineyards – Southbrook was Canada’s first vineyard to become certified by Demeter, the international certifying body that oversees biodynamic agriculture. Southbrook believes that the farm should be a self contained unit, where all materials including animal feed and manure are produced within the farm. Southbrook believes in the natural rhythms of nature and observing and responding to the environment in an organic way. They believe that this will create a unique terroir and ecosystem on the vineyard which will also result in vibrant and unique wines.

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Chateau Maris- A certified BCorp as well as Demeter certified Biodynamic, Chateau Maris focused on sustainable wine making from the very beginning. Chateau Maris is confronting climate change head on; they constructed their facility out of lightweight, organic hemp straw bricks that continue to capture and sequester carbon over many years as they harden. They converted unhealthy soils that were farmed conventionally into regenerative and organic vineyards.

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Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte- The Chateau plants the baby vines that they have grown in their grapevine nursery, which is a protected ecosystem on a separate island. This results in the winery successfully protecting the genetic diversity of their vineyard and nursery. Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte undertakes significant efforts to enhance microbial life in the soil such as adding their own organic compost and planting hedges and trees. They introduced beehives on the estate and they even plough their white wine fields with a horse! The Chateau was asked to present their environmental protection initiatives at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, December 2015. Based on the principles of a circular economy, the Chateau recovers rain water, recycles waste water, uses solar panels and transforms vine cuttings into compost or uses them for heating! Everything is regenerated.

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Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte is currently owned by Daniel and Florence Cathiard. They bought the 78 hectare estate in 1990. They both skied for the French Olympic ski team in 1965, and made their money selling their sports retail store chain “GO Sports” to fund the vineyard purchase. Their bio precision approach to wine making includes low intervention, bio dynamic viticulture, and even satellite technology that tracks grape ripening in their vineyards. Famed wine grower and consultant Michel Rolland also consults for them. For the last 19 years (since 1998) Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte has been rated by wine critics at 90 points plus every year. The wine costs in the range of about $125 – $150 per bottle CDN. In 2009 famous wine critic Robert Parker rated the wine at a perfect 100 points, and the price of their wine doubled almost immediately, and now that vintage costs about $360 per bottle.

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The estate also produces an equally as good Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte Blanc, pictured above, and 4 second wines named Le Petit Haut Lafitte (red), Le Petit Haut Lafitte Blanc, Les Hauts de Smith (red) and Les Hauts de Smith Blanc. The second wines are not quite as good in quality, but are often rated 90 points plus themselves, and normally cost half the price of their top quality label.

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In Ontario, at the LCBO you can buy the 2014 Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte red for $149.85 (495911), this wine is rated at 94 points by the Wine Spectator. In Quebec, at the SAQ you can buy the 2013 Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte white for $175.75 (13260080), rated 96 points by the Wine Spectator. You can also buy the 2014 Le Petit Haut Lafitte for $50.25 (13395030), rated 90 points by the Wine Spectator.

Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte also have one of the best storage cellars in Bordeaux, housing up to 1,000 barrels in their all underground cellars, see below. Does this give you “cellar envy”?

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Fetzer- Fetzer is certainly the leader in the sustainable wine-making arena, though their commitment is more to sustainability and to becoming carbon positive by 2030 than to regenerative agriculture specifically. Fetzer vineyards was among 19 global enterprises and the only wine company to receive a  “Momentum for Change” Climate Solutions Award for climate action at the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, Germany (COP23), which took place in October 2017. The sheer volume of wine they produce makes it difficult to practice 100% regenerative agriculture, the Fetzer group of companies generated sales of $156 million US in 2010 on 3.1 million cases of wine sold.

Fetzer was founded in 1968 by the Fetzer family, who sold the company in 1992 to Brown – Forman (they produce Jack Daniels whisky) for $82 million. Brown – Forman sold the company 19 years later in 2011 to the Chilean wine giants Concha Y Toro for $238 million. The Fetzer group of companies consists of Fetzer itself, Bonterra, Five Rivers, Jekel, Sanctuary, and Little Black Dress. Their combined operation consists of 1,060 acres of vines, annual production capacity of 9.5 million gallons at their Hopland facility and another 1.6 million gallons at their Paso Robles facility. Fetzer itself produces 11 different wines, 4 reds (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Zinfandel) and 7 whites (White Zinfandel, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Pinot Grigio, Moscato, Chardonnay, and Gewurztraminer). All Fetzer products are value priced in the $8.00 – $15.00 US range. Bonterra, Five Rivers, Jekel, Sanctuary, and Little Black Dress each produce their own full line of wines in similar fashion to Fetzer.

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Fetzer is a zero waste facility- they reintroduce the grape’s skins, stems and seeds into the vineyards as compost and thus divert 99.1% of all winery waste from landfill or incineration. If that isn’t already enough, Fetzer was the first US wine company to operate on 100% renewable energy beginning in 1999.

Additionally, Fetzer utilizes the power of worms and microbes to remove 99% of the winery’s wastewater. They are certified carbon neutral, while also being a certified BCorp, and they aim to empower ecosystems and local communities. Fetzer was also asked to present at COP 21 in Paris in 2015 to speak about their climate-smart wine-growing practices and have been implementing ever-improving sustainability efforts for decades. Well done!

Fetzer and Bonterra wines are widely available in both Ontario and Quebec. In Ontario at the LCBO you can buy Fetzer Chardonnay (291674), Fetzer Cabernet Sauvignon (336974), and Fetzer Merlot (341131) all at $13.85, and Fetzer Gewurztraminer (222778) at $12.95. You can also buy Bonterra Cabernet Sauvignon (342428), Bonterra Chardonnay (342436), and Bonterra Sauvignon Blanc 2015 (86249) all at $19.95, and Bonterra Viognier 2015 (128900) at $21.95.

In Quebec at the SAQ you can buy Fetzer Cabernet Sauvignon (00336874) and Fetzer Valley Oaks Fumé Blanc (00255448) at $13.60, and Fetzer Quartz White Blend (12074736) at $14.60. The Bonterra Viognier North Coast 2015 (00898767) and the Bonterra Sauvignon Blanc Mendocino County 2016 (11091905) both cost $20.05. The Bonterra Mendocino County Zinfandel 2015 (00530139) costs $20.10, the Bonterra Merlot Mendocino County 2014 (00897645) costs $20.95, the Bonterra Mendocino County Cabernet Sauvignon (00342428) costs $18.60, and the Bonterra Mendocino County Chardonnay 2016 (00342436) costs $18.55.

Concha Y Toro, the current owners of Fetzer, also share the same vision of organic and sustainable wine growing. This is very important when you realize that Concha Y Toro have been in business since 1883 (about 135 years), and they are a huge wine production company with sales over $1 billion USD since 2014. Concha Y Toro is the world’s 4th largest wine company by sales volume, and the world’s 2nd largest wine company by acreage under vine. This means that one of the largest wine companies in the world is fully committed to organic, sustainable grape growing and wine production methods. Hooray for the planet, a big player actually “gets it”!

Regenerative agriculture is the way of the future and needs our support to make it mainstream. This is also an important means by which to fight global warming and climate change by sucking excess carbon out of the atmosphere. There is however a long way to go before all farmers, food producers, and wineries jump on board. Others producers will join the trend once they see the leaders making better product, and making better money doing so. Therefore, what we the consumer can do to support and encourage the growth of regenerative farming and sustainable wine production is to buy and consume the product. So the next time you visit your local wine store, buy a couple of bottles of Fetzer, or Smith Haut Lafitte, or one of the others mentioned above, and take satisfaction from knowing that you are helping to save the planet while you sip on your wine!